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Clin Shoulder Elbow > Volume 12(2); 2009 > Article
Journal of the Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society 2009;12(2):189-198.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5397/CiSE.2009.12.2.189    Published online December 31, 2009.
Latarjet Operation for Anterior Shoulder Instability with Glenoid Bone Defect
Seung Hyun Cho, Nam Su Cho, Jin Woong Yi, Il Hun Choi, Yoon Ho Kwack, Yong Girl Rhee
1Shoulder & Elbow Clinic, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea. Shoulderrhee@hanmail.net
2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Han Il General Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyung Hee University East-West Neo Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea.
관절와 골 결손을 동반한 견관절 전방 불안정증에 대한 Latarjet 술식
경희대학교 의과대학 정형외과학교실1), 한일병원 정형외과2), 경희대학교 동서신의학병원 정형외과학교실3), 건양대학교 의과대학 정형외과학교실4)
We wanted to evaluate the clinical results of the Latarjet procedure for treating anterior shoulder instability combined with a glenoid bone defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between Oct. 2006 and May. 2007, fourteen patients underwent a Latarjet operation to treat their anterior shoulder instability combined with a glenoid bone defect. The mean follow-up period was 15 months (range: 12 to 19 months), and the average age at the time of surgery was 29.9-years-old (range: 19 to 44 years). There were 13 males and 1 female. Eight patients exhibited involvement of the right shoulder. The dominant arm was involved in 8 patients. Six patients had undergone a previous arthroscopic Bankart repair before their Latarjet operation and 2 patients had a history of seizure.
The average Rowe score improved from 51.8 to 80.2 with 9 excellent, 4 good, and 1 fair results. The average Korean shoulder score for instability improved from 61.6 to 82.1 postoperatively. The active forward flexion and external rotation at the side of the involved shoulder was an average of 8degrees and 16degrees less than that of the uninvolved shoulder. The muscle strength of the involved shoulder measured 78.7% in forward flexion and 82.5% in external rotation, as compared with that of the uninvolved shoulder. There was 1 case of dislocation, 1 transient subluxation, 2 fibrotic unions, 1 resorption of the transferred coracoid process, 1 intraoperative broken bone, 1 transient musculocutaneous nerve injury and 1 case of stiffness.
The Latarjet procedure for treating anterior shoulder instability combined with a significant glenoid defect effectively restores function and stability through extending the articular arc at the expense of external rotation. We should be cautious to avoid or detect complications when performing coracoid transfer.
Key Words: Shoulder; Bone Defect; Anterior Shoulder Instability; Three Dimensional CT; Latarjet procedure


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