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Clin Shoulder Elbow > Volume 20(1); 2017 > Article
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow 2017;20(1):37-41.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5397/cise.2017.20.1.37    Published online March 31, 2017.
Mini-open Treatment Using Plate of Clavicle Mid-shaft Fractures
Yong Geun Park, Hyunseong Kang, Shinil Kim, Jong Hwan Bae, Sungwook Choi
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea. swchoi1115@gmail.com
Received: 23 July 2016   • Revised: 13 September 2016   • Accepted: 18 September 2016
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Increased frequency of comminuted clavicle mid-shaft fractures and importance of functional satisfaction through early joint exercise has resulted in higher emphasis on surgical treatments. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical radiological results of treatment of clavicle mid-shaft fractures by open reduction and internal fixation using a plate with a small incision.
METHODS
The subjects of this study were 80 clavicle mid-shaft fracture cases treated with internal fixation using a plate from October 2010 to July 2014. Clavicle mid-shaft fractures were internally fixated using anatomical plates or locking compression plates. Achievement of bone union, union period, and clavicle length shortening were evaluated radiologically, and clinical assessment was done by using Constant and University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) scores.
RESULTS
All 80 cases were confirmed to have achieved bone union through radiographs with an average union period of 10.9 weeks (range: 7?18 weeks). The average clavicle length of shortening in the affected side was 1.8 mm (range: 0?17 mm). The average UCLA score and Constant score were 33.6 (range: 25?35) and 92.5 (range: 65?100), respectively. Regarding complications, four cases reported skin irritation by metal plates, and one case reported a screw insertion site fracture due to minor trauma history.
CONCLUSIONS
We were able to induce successful bone union and obtain clinically satisfactory results in displaced mid-shaft fractures of the clavicle without major complications such as nonunion through treatment of internal fixation using a plate.
Key Words: Clavicle mid shaft fracture; Open reduction and internal fixation; Anatomical plate; Locking compression plate


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