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Korean Journal of Metals and Materials > Volume 59(4); 2021 > Article
Korean Journal of Metals and Materials 2021;59(4): 262-267. doi: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2021.59.4.262
ZnS와 C의 혼합 분말을 열증발시켜 생성된 ZnO 나노/마이크로구조의 형상과 발광 특성에 미치는 ZnS/C 질량비의 영향
이근형
동의대학교신소재공학부
Effect of ZnS/C Mass Ratio on the Morphologies and Luminescence Properties of ZnO Nano/Microstructures Synthesized via Thermal Evaporation of ZnS and C Powder Mixtures
Geun-Hyoung Lee
Division of Advanced Materials Engineering, Dong-eui University, Busan 47340, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Geun-Hyoung Lee ,Tel: +82-51-890-1722, Email: hplee@deu.ac.kr
Received: 5 February 2021;  Accepted: 16 February 2021.  Published online: 24 March 2021.
ABSTRACT
ZnO nano/microstructures were grown via a simple thermal evaporation process in air at atmospheric pressure. Mixtures of ZnS and carbon powders were used as the sources. The effects of growth temperature and mass ratio of carbon powder to ZnS on the morphologies and luminescence properties of the ZnO nano/microstructures were investigated in this study. When the growth temperature was 1000 oC, ZnO nanowires with a hexagonal wurtzite crystal structure started to be formed and were preferentially grown along the [0001] direction. As the temperature increased to 1200 oC, the crystal growth in the lateral direction perpendicular to the [0001] direction was enhanced, which resulted in a decreasing aspect ratio of the onedimensional ZnO nanowires. When source powders with different mass ratios of ZnS:C=2:1, 1:1 and 1:2 were used to grow ZnO nano/microstructures at 1200 oC, ZnO microrods with wurtzite crystal structure were formed in all the samples. As the mass ratio of carbon powder to ZnS increased, the aspect ratio of ZnO microrods was reduced, which suggests that the carbon powder enhanced the growth of ZnO microrods in the lateral directions. A strong ultraviolet emission band centered at 380 nm was observed in the ZnO nano/microstructures synthesized using the source powders with the mass ratios of ZnS:C=1:1 and 1:2, indicating that the ZnO nano/microstructures had a high crystalline quality.
Keywords: ZnO nano/microstructures, ZnS/C mass ratio, thermal evaporation, morphological variation, ultraviolet emission
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