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Korean Journal of Metals and Materials > Volume 55(1); 2017 > Article
Korean Journal of Metals and Materials 2017;55(1): 67-71. doi: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.1.67
Effects of Doping Concentration on the Structural and Optical Properties of Spin-Coated In-doped ZnO Thin Films Grown on Thermally Oxidized ZnO Film/ZnO Buffer Layer/Mica Substrate
Byunggu Kim, Jae-Young Leem
Department of Nano science & Engineering, Inje University, Gimhae-si 50834, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Jae-Young Leem ,Tel: +82-55-320-3716, Email: jyleem@inje.ac.kr
Received: 4 March 2016;  Accepted: 22 July 2016.  Published online: 5 January 2017.
ABSTRACT
ZnO buffer layers were deposited on mica substrates using a sol-gel spin coating method. Then, a thin film of metallic Zn was deposited onto the ZnO buffer layer/mica substrate using a thermal evaporator, and the deposited Zn thin films were then thermally oxidized in a furnace at 500 ℃ for 2 h in air. Finally, In-doped ZnO (IZO) thin films with different In concentrations were grown on the oxidized ZnO film/ZnO buffer layer/mica substrates using the sol-gel spin-coating method. All the IZO films showed ZnO peaks with similar intensities. The full width at half maximum values of the ZnO (002) peak for the IZO thin films decreased with an increase in the In concentration to 1 at%, because the crystallinity of the films was enhanced. However, a further increase in the In concentration caused the crystal quality to degrade. This might be attributed to the fact that the higher In doping resulted in an increase in the number of ionized impurities. The Urbach energy (EU) values of the IZO thin film decreased with an increase in the In concentration to 1 at% because of the enhanced crystal quality of the films. The EU values for the IZO thin films increased with the In concentration from 1 at% to 3 at%, reflecting the broadening of localized band tail state near the conduction band edge of the films.
Keywords: thin films, sol-gel, optical properties, x-ray diffraction, Zn-deposited mica substrate
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