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Korean Journal of Metals and Materials > Epub ahead of print
안우진1 · 김도희1 · 김봉환2 · 김세광2 · 김상식1 · 성효경1,*
항공용 7xxx계 알루미늄 합금의 고온 노출 온도가 인장 및 샤르피 충격 특성에 미치는 영향
Received: 24 October 2018;  Accepted: 14 February 2019.  Published online: 7 March 2019.
ABSTRACT
Aluminum alloys have been widely used for aerospace applications due to their high strength and lightweight. New demands is growing for aluminum alloys with high temperature mechanical properties that can sustain plastic deformation at high temperature. In this study, correlations among microstructure, tensile properties and Charpy impact properties were analyzed at high temperature in the 7xxx aluminum alloy. Microstructures were analyzed using optical and scanning electron microscopes at varying exposure temperature and time. Tensile and Charpy impact tests were conducted after exposure at 93, 149, 204, and 260 °C (200, 300, 400, and 500 °F) for 0.5 and 10 hours, and the results were compared to those at 25 °C (77 °F). Yield strength decreased with increasing exposure temperature, while total elongation and Charpy absorbed energy increased. Above 149 °C (300 °F), yield strength sharply dropped due to coarsening of the η' or η phase, and Charpy absorbed energy dramatically increased due to thermal softening of the matrix. The Effect of exposure temperature and time on the mechanical properties of the 7xxx aluminum alloy was further investigated by fractographic analysis. The fracture toughness at high temperature was predicted on the basis of yield strength and Charpy absorbed energy suggesting a relationship between them.
Keywords: 7xxx aluminum alloy, elevated temperature strength, Charpy impact properties, Fracture toughness
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