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Korean Journal of Metals and Materials > Epub ahead of print
정준영 · 박상천 · 신가영 · 이창욱* · 김태정 · 최민수
핫스탬핑용 30MnB5강의 템퍼링 조건에 따른 미세조직 및 기계적 물성 연구 (Effects of Tempering Condition on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of 30MnB5 Hot-Stampingsteel)
Received: 21 August 2018;  Accepted: 12 September 2018.  Published online: 11 October 2018.
ABSTRACT
The effects of tempering condition on the microstructure and mechanical properties of 30MnB5 hot stamping steel were investigated in this study. Before the tempering, hot-stamped 30MnB5 steel was composed of only α′-martensite microstructure without precipitates. After the tempering at 180 oC for 120 min,nano-sizedε-carbideswere precipitated in the α′-martensite laths. After tempering at 250 oC for 60 min, cementite was precipitated along the α′-martensite lath boundaries. The cementite was also observed in the specimens tempered at 350 oC for 30 min and 450 oC for 6 min, respectively. The globular α-ferrite appeared at 350 oC-30 min tempering, and the volume fraction of α-ferrite increased when the tempering temperature was increased. The yield strength increased after tempering, and it reached a peak with the tempering condition of 180 oC-120 min, due to the nano-sized precipitates in the α′-martensite lath. After the tempering, the steel’s ultimate tensile strength (UTS) was decreased due to the reduction in dislocation density and C segregation to lath boundaries. The highest elongation was observed at the 180 oC-120 min tempering condition, due to the reduction of residual stress, and the lack of precipitates along the lath boundaries. The 180 oC-120 min tempering condition was considered to have outstanding crash performance, according to toughness and anti-intrusion calculation results. Indrop tower crash tests, crash test, the 30MnB5 door impact beam tempered at 180 oC for 120 min showed better crash performance compared to a 22MnB5 door impact beam.
Keywords: hot stamping, 30MnB5 steel, tempering, martensite, cementite, carbide
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