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Korean Journal of Metals and Materials > Volume 56(4); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Metals and Materials 2018;56(4): 321-326. doi: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.4.321
페로브스카이트 태양전지의 Au 열증착 조건에 따른 Hole Transport/Perovskite 층의 물성변화
김광배, 박태열, 송오성
서울시립대학교 신소재공학과
Evolution of Hole Transport/Perovskite Layer Properties with Au Evaporation Condition in a Perovskite Solar Cell
Kwangbae Kim, Taeyeul Park, Ohsung Song
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul 02504, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Ohsung Song ,Tel: +82-2-6490-2410, Email: songos@uos.ac.kr
Received: 23 October 2017;  Accepted: 9 February 2018.  Published online: 5 April 2018.
ABSTRACT
Changes in the properties of the hole transport layer (HTL) and the perovskite layer in a perovskite solar sell (PSC) were observed under various Au thermal evaporation conditions. We employed a conventional thermal evaporator with a distance of 30 cm between the source and substrate in a vacuum of 6 × 10-6 torr. We prepared 70 nm-thick Au layers on PSCs by varying the evaporation condition: 60 W-90 min, 70 W-60 min, 80 W-25 min, 90 W-10 min, and 100 W-7 min. Subsequently, the photovoltaic properties of the PSC were measured for each deposition condition. Also, the microstructure of the HTL/perovskite was observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and electron probe xray micro-analyzer (EPMA) after the Au layer was selectively removed. The most outstanding energy conversion efficiency (ECE) was measured for the 80 W-25 min condition. The ECE was extremely low at relatively low power-long time (60 W-90 min, 70 W-60 min) conditions, due to contamination of the HTL and the perovskite layers during the Au evaporation. The contamination was confirmed from the SEM and EPMA investigations. Moreover, even with high powered-short time (90 W-10 min, 100 W-7 min) conditions, the HTL underlayer of the electrode was damaged due to the high deposition energy.
Keywords: evaporation, deposition rate, deposition time, perovskite solar cells
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