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Korean Journal of Metals and Materials > Volume 56(3); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Metals and Materials 2018;56(3): 244-251. doi: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.3.244
Comparison of the Hydrogen Release Properties of Zn(BH4)2-Added MgH2 Alloy and Zn(BH4)2 and Ni-Added MgH2 Alloy
Myoung Youp Song, Young Jun Kwak
Division of Advanced Materials Engineering, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Research Center, Engineering Research Institute, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 54896, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Myoung Youp Song ,Tel: +82-63-270-2379, Email: songmy@jbnu.ac.kr
Received: 20 December 2017;  Accepted: 9 January 2018.  Published online: 6 March 2018.
ABSTRACT
Samples with compositions of 99 w/o MgH2+1 w/o Zn(BH4)2 (designated MgH2-1Zn(BH4)2) and 96 w/o MgH2+2 w/o Zn(BH4)2+2 w/o Ni (designated MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2-2Ni) were prepared by milling in a planetary ball mill in a hydrogen atmosphere (reaction-involving milling). The hydrogen release properties of MgH2- 1Zn(BH4)2 and MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2-2Ni were compared. A larger quantity of additives and the addition of Ni decreased the temperature at which MgH2 decomposes in the as-milled samples. Activation processes were not required for these two samples. A larger quantity of additives and the addition of Ni by milling in a hydrogen atmosphere increased the quantity of hydrogen absorbed in 60 min (U (60 min)), the initial hydrogen release rate, and the quantity of hydrogen released in 60 min (R (60 min)). MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2-2Ni had an effective hydrogen storage capacity of about 5.5 w/o at the cycle number, CN, of one (CN=1). A ZnH2 phase, which has not been reported to be formed, was found in the MgH2-1Zn(BH4)2 sample and the Zn(BH4)2 and Ni-added MgH2 sample after hydrogen uptake-release cycling. Mg2Ni was formed in the Zn(BH4)2 and Ni- added MgH2 sample after hydrogen uptake-release cycling. The rapid hydrogen release rate of the Mg2NiH4 formed in MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2-2Ni is believed to increase the initial hydrogen release rate of MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2- 2Ni. The Mg2Ni decomposed from Mg2NiH4 might facilitate the nucleation of a Mg-H solid solution in the MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2-2Ni sample. There is also a slight possibility that the contraction due to the relatively rapid hydrogen release of the Mg2NiH4 provides passages for the hydrogen released from neighboring MgH2 .
Keywords: hydrogen absorbing materials; mechanical milling; hydrogen; microstructure; Zn(BH4)2 and/or Ni-added MgH2 alloy.
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