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Korean Journal of Metals and Materials > Volume 55(10); 2017 > Article
Korean Journal of Metals and Materials 2017;55(10): 703-709. doi: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.10.703
가스분무법으로 제조된 Al 합금분말의 펄스통전 소결체의 특성평가
박현국, 장준호, 이정한, 오익현
한국생산기술연구원 동력부품소재그룹
Characteristics of Al Alloy Powders Prepared by Gas Atomized Method Using Pulsed Current Sintered-Body Process
Hyun-Kuk Park, Jun-Ho Jang, Jung-Han Lee, Ik-Hyun Oh
Automotive Components & Materials R&D Group, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH), GwangJu 61012, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Ik-Hyun Oh ,Tel: +82-62-600-6180, Email: ihoh@kitech.re.kr
Received: 16 June 2017;  Accepted: 4 July 2017.  Published online: 28 September 2017.
ABSTRACT
In this study, Al alloy targets were fabricated using the powder metallurgy (pulsed current activated sintering, PCAS) process for metal PVD coating target applications. Powders were prepared from Al, Si and Cu ingots for sintering Al alloy compacts using the gas atomizing process. To fabricate the gas atomized Al alloy powders, processing conditions, such as melting temperature, processing time and gas pressure were optimized and controlled during the gas atomizing process. Al alloy compacts with 200 mm diameters and 1/4 inch thickness were fabricated using a 30,000 A pulsed current activated sintering machine. During the Al alloy compact sintering process, sintering conditions such as temperature, pulse ratio, pressure, and heating rate were controlled and optimized. The Al alloy compacts were fabricated under a uniaxial pressure of 60 MPa at a sintering temperature of 400 ℃ without any significant change in grain size. The grain size and relative density of the Al alloy compacts were 7.3 ㎛ and 100%, respectively. The properties of thin films deposited on a Si substrate using the PCASed target materials were compared with those from a commercial target material prepared using the casting melting process. The thicknesses of the thin films deposited on the Si substrate using the PCASed target material and a commercial target material were about 494 nm and 450 nm, respectively. The specific resistance and surface roughness of the PCASed thin film and commercial thin film were 4.012 × 10-6 and 4.012 × 10-6, 6.105 nm and 6.928 nm, respectively.
Keywords: gas atomization process, Al alloy powder, pulsed current activated sintering method, thin film, property evaluation
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