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A New Fracture Analysis Technique for Charpy Impact Test Using Image Processing
Tae Chang Park, Beom Suk Kim, Ji Hee Son, Yeong Koo Yeo
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2021;59(1):61-66.   Published online 2021 Jan 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2021.59.1.61

The Charpy impact test is used to identify the transition between ductility and brittleness. The percentages of ductile and brittle fractures in steel can be evaluated based on each fracture area, which is presently determined by an analyzer with the naked eye. This method may lead to subjective judgement, and..... More

Effect of Shielding Gases on the Wire Arc Additive Manufacturability of 5 Cr – 4 Mo Tool Steel for Die Casting Mold Making
Jae-Deuk Kim, Jae Won Kim, Joo Yong Cheon, Yang-Do Kim, Changwook Ji
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(12):852-862.   Published online 2020 Dec 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.12.852

Generally, molds are fabricated by the machining of massive billets of tool steels, such as AISI4140 or H13, but it has drawbacks, such as a large material loss and long-delivery time. The Wire-Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM) process could be an alternative fabrication method. It has the advantages of less material..... More

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ni–Cr–Y2O3 Alloy Sintered Powder Composed of Oxide-Embedded Metallic Particles
Changjae Kim, Jungho Gwak, Jaewon Lim, Minsuk Oh, Jeshin Park
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(12):843-851.   Published online 2020 Dec 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.12.843

In this study, oxide (Y2O3)-embedded Ni particles were fabricated via a new process. The process involves the mechanical hydrogenation of Ni–Y alloy into Ni–YH2 and the selective oxidation of Ni–YH2 to Ni–Y2O3. The alloy powders were prepared for sintering by the mechanical alloying of a mixed powder. The powder was..... More

Transforming Carbon Black into Graphene Oxide Quantum Dots by Pulsed Laser Ablation in Ethanol
Jung-Il Lee, Jeong Ho Ryu
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(11):808-814.   Published online 2020 Oct 21
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.11.808

Graphene oxide quantum dots (GOQDs) are nanometer-sized graphene oxide fragments that exhibit unique properties, making them interesting candidates for a range of new applications. Carbon black, one of the commercially available carbon precursors, is produced by the thermal decomposition or incomplete combustion of organic compounds. It is commonly used as..... More

Facile Synthesis of Single-Phase Alpha-Tungsten Nanopowders from Ammonium Paratungstate by RF Induction Thermal Plasma and Thermochemical Reduction
Dongyoon Shin, Hyun-Woo Shim, Basudev Swain, Kyung-Soo Park, Chan-Gi Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(11):798-807.   Published online 2020 Oct 15
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.11.798

Facile, economic methods of preparing tungsten (W) nanopowder are critically needed to meet industrial demand. Herein, we report a method of preparing single-phase alpha-W (α-W) nanopowders using ammonium paratungstate (APT) as a starting material and the optimum synthesis conditions. The process involves two stages: i) the radio-frequency (RF) induction thermal..... More

                           Cited By 1
Enhanced Optical and Electrical Properties of Ti Doped In2O3 thin Films Treated by Post-deposition Electron Beam Irradiation
Su-Hyeon Choe, Yun-Je Park, Yu-Sung Kim, Byung-Chul Cha, Sung-Bo Heo, Sungook Yoon, Young-Min Kong, Daeil Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(11):793-797.   Published online 2020 Oct 15
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.11.793

Transparent and conductive Ti doped In2O3 (TIO) films were prepared on slide glass substrate using a radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputter and then subjected to Transparent and conductive Ti doped In2O3 (TIO) films were prepared on a glass slide substrate using radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputter. The film surface was..... More

KIST-NOMAD - a Repository to Manage Large Amounts of Computational Materials Science Data
Samuel Boateng, Kwang Ryeol Lee, Deepika , Haneol Cho, Kyu Hwan Lee, Chansoo Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(10):728-739.   Published online 2020 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.10.728

We introduce the Korea Institute of Science and Technology-Novel Materials Discovery (KISTNOMAD) platform, a materials data repository. We describe its functionality and novel features from an academic viewpoint. It is a data repository designed for computational material science, especially focusing on managing and sharing the results of molecular dynamics simulation..... More

Facile Synthesis of ZnO Thin Films at Low Temperatures Using an Additive-Free Electrochemical Oxidation Method
Euije Jo, Dongwan Kim, Jae-Young Leem
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(9):645-652.   Published online 2020 Aug 13
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.9.645

Because of their simplicity and low equipment costs, various oxidation methods can be used to create metal oxides, but they still require long processing times and/or high temperatures. In this study, a new electrochemical oxidation (ECO) method, which oxidizes metal in DI water with a constant flowing current to both..... More

Extended Energy Conservation Law in Alloys: the Absence of Energy Non-Equilibrium
Myung Sik Choi, Han Gil Na, Changhyun Jin, Kyu Hyoung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(8):566-572.   Published online 2020 Jul 27
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.8.566

Assuming that many of the materials produced in a non-equilibrium state remain unchanged, an extended space–energy conservation law was proposed based on the existing energy conservation law. In the present study, by analyzing the well developed equilibrium binary phase diagram of iron (Fe) – carbon (C), we show that energy..... More

Improvement of Wear Resistance in Laser Shock-Peened Copper Contacts
Donghyuck Jung, Changkyoo Park, Eun-Joon Chun, Yoon-Jun Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(8):560-565.   Published online 2020 Jul 27
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.8.560

This study investigated the influence of laser shock peening without coating (LSPw/oC) on the degradation of copper electrical contacts. A theoretical calculation of the plastic-affected depth (PAD) induced by LSPw/oC was performed, based on the laser-induced plasma pressure along with the Hugoniot elastic limit of our LSPw/oC experimental conditions. The..... More

A Further Study on Knoop Indentation Plastic Deformation for Evaluating Residual Stress
Woojoo Kim, Kyungyul Lee, Jong-hyoung Kim, Young-Cheon Kim, Dongil Kwon
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(8):515-521.   Published online 2020 Jul 27
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.8.515

A method for evaluating residual stress using an instrumented indentation test was developed some decades ago. More recently, another method was developed, using a Knoop indenter. The conversion factor ratio, which is one of the key factors in the evaluation algorithm, has been taken to be 0.34, although this value..... More

Correlations Between Alkali and Crystallinity in lyocell-Based ACF Probed with X-Ray Diffraction
Young Min Jin, Joon Hyuk Lee, Sang Sun Choi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(7):495-500.   Published online 2020 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.7.495

This study examined the effect of alkalis on lyocell-based activated carbon fibres (ACFs) with high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas, using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Here, alkali treatments were conducted using 10 ~ 25 % NaOH and KOH on lyocell samples for 3 h at ambient room temperature. A secondary treatment with..... More

Interactions Between Ionic Liquid (ALiCY) and TBP and their Use in Hydrometallurgy for Extracting Co(II) and Ni(II)
Thanh Tuan Tran, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(6):423-432.   Published online 2020 May 14
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.6.423

Ionic liquids have emerged in hydrometallurgy as potential extractants for metals. In this work, the interactions of ALiCY (R4N+A-) synthesized by Aliquat336 and Cyanex272, and a mixture of ALiCY and TBP, were analyzed using extraction data and FT-IR spectroscopy. Co(II) and Ni(II) were extracted from two HCl concentrations (1.0×10-4 and..... More

                           Cited By 1
Enhanced Thermoelectric Transport Properties of n-type InSe by Sn doping
Sung-sil Choo, Seok-won Hong, Hyun-Sik Kim, Sang-il Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):348-352.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.348

Layered post transition metal chalcogenides such as SnSe, SnSe2, In2Se3, and In4Se3 have attracted attention as promising thermoelectric materials due to their intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivities. Recently, n-type indium selenide (InSe) based materials have also been suggested as good candidates for thermoelectric materials by optimizing their electrical properties, i.e.,..... More

Synthesis of Fe-Doped Tetrahedrites Cu12-xFexSb4S13 and Characterization of Their Thermoelectric Properties
Sung-Yoon Kim, Ji-Hee Pi, Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):340-347.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.340

Tetrahedrite (C12Sb4S13) has attracted attention as a p-type thermoeletric material with very low thermal conductivity induced by the anharmonic oscillation of Cu due to the lone-pair electrons of Sb. Many studies have been conducted to improve its thermoelectric performance by partially substituting the transition elements for the Cu sites. In..... More

Design of Ultrawide Bandwidth Electromagnetic Wave Absorbers with Square Patch Frequency Selective Surfaces with Different Geometries
Tian Liu, Sung-Soo Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):326-333.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.326

A reliable and efficient numerical method is presented for the design of broadband absorbers, fabricated by layering two square patch-frequency selective surfaces (SP-FSS) with different geometries on a grounded dielectric substrate. The circuit parameters of the inductance and capacitance of the SP-FSS were retrieved using the strip wire conductor model...... More

The Effect of the Surface Energy of Water Glass on the Fluidity of Sand
Min A Bae, Man Sig Lee, Jae Ho Baek
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):319-325.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.319

In recent years, the metal casting industry has sought to meet ever more stringent environmental standards. Inorganic binders based on silicate chemistry have many advantages with respect to environmental issues, but often suffer from reduced strength, burn-on and poor water-resistance. In particular, when sand is mixed with a water glass..... More

                           Cited By 1
Synthesis of Porous Silica Particles for the Adsorption of Organic Dye in Aqueous Medium
Young-Sang Cho, Sol Jeong, Soyoung Nam
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):304-318.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.304

This study investigated the removal of the organic dye like methylene blue using porous particles in a batch adsorption process. Porous silica microparticles were synthesized with macropores or meso-macropores and used as adsorbent particles. The hierarchically porous structures with additional mesopores were found to be more effective adsorbent than simple..... More

A Method of Synthesizing Lithium Hydroxide Nanoparticles Using Lithium Sulfate from Spent Batteries by 2-Step Precipitation Method
Soyeong Joo, Hyun-Woo Shim, Jin-Ju Choi, Chan-Gi Lee, Dae-Guen Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(4):286-291.   Published online 2020 Mar 10
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.4.286

In this work, LiOH was synthesized using highly soluble Li2SO4. To enhance efficiency, this synthesis was performed using the precipitation method, and the correlation between each experimental condition and the synthesis of LiOH was investigated. The particle size and crystalline properties were tailored by controlling various experimental conditions, including the..... More

Solid-State Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of Tetrahedrites Cu12Sb4-yBiyS13
Sung-Gyu Kwak, Ji-Hee Pi, Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(4):272-277.   Published online 2020 Mar 9
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.4.272

Tetrahedrite has low lattice thermal conductivity because of the lone-pair electrons of Sb, which cause the Cu atoms to vibrate at a low frequency and high amplitude. The synthesis of tetrahedrite compounds by conventional melting methods requires a long-time reaction and annealing. However, a homogeneous and solid-state synthesis can be..... More

Effect of Sintering Temperature on the Characteristics of Zn0.99Li0.01O Thin Film on Si Substrate
Gang Bae Kim, June Won Hyun
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(4):257-262.   Published online 2020 Apr 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.4.257

Lithium-doped zinc oxide (Zn0.99Li0.01O) film was manufactured by the sol-gel method using uniform and stable solution of zinc acetate dehydrate and lithium acetate dehydrate in methanol. Films were deposited by spin-coating using spinner between 4500 and 5000 rpm on silicon substrates. The prepared samples were sintered at various temperatures (600..... More

Electron Irradiation Effects on the Optical and Electrical Properties of ZnO/Ag/SnO2 Thin Films
Yu-Sung Kim, Jin-Young Choi, Yun-je park, Su-Hyeon Choe, Byung-Chul Cha, Young-Min Kong, Daeil Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(3):190-194.   Published online 2020 Mar 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.3.190

Transparent conductive ZnO 50 nm/Ag 10 nm/SnO2 50 nm (ZAS) tri-layer films were deposited on glass substrates by magnetron sputtering, and then the surface was subjected to intense electron beam irradiation to investigate the effects of electron irradiation on the structural, optical, and electrical properties of the films. After deposition,..... More

                           Cited By 1
Long-time Oxidation of Ti3(Al,Si)C2 Carbides at 400-800 oC
Junhee Hahn, Sang Whan Park, Dong Bok Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(3):182-189.   Published online 2020 Mar 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.3.182

Quarternay carbides of Ti3AlxSi1-xC2 (x=0.3, 0.5, and 0.7) were oxidized at 400, 600, and 800 °C for 0.5-6 months in order to study their long-time oxidation behavior in air. When they were oxidized at 400-600 oC for 0.5-3 months, oxidation proceeded relatively slowly with moderate weight gains. However, further oxidation..... More

                           Cited By 2
Synthesis of Porous Particles by Electrospray-Assisted Self-Assembly for Water-Repellent or Photocatalytic Surfaces
Young-Sang Cho, Younghyun Lee, Nahee Ku, Sugueun Ji, Young Seok Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(2):112-124.   Published online 2020 Jan 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.2.112

In this study, an electrospray technique was used for the synthesis of macroporous ceramic particles, such as silica or titania, by a colloidal templating method. For this purpose, a suspension of polystyrene nanospheres was synthesized by dispersion polymerization for use as sacrificial templates. The feed solution containing a ceramic precursor..... More

Study on the Effect of the Thiourea on Nano-Mechanical Properties and Microstructures of the Electroformed Thin Ni-P Foil
Moo Young Jung, Chang Su Nam, Byung-Sik Lee, Yong Choi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(1):1-6.   Published online 2020 Jan 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.1.1

The effect of thiourea on the nano-mechanical and chemical properties of Ni-P foil was studied to develop a high performance Ni-P deposit for automobile and machinery parts. The Ni-P deposit was prepared by electroforming in a modified sulphate bath with different amounts of thiourea. Chemical analysis of the electrodeposited Ni-P..... More

                           Cited By 1
Demonstration Testing of Boiler Tubes in a Clean Power Test-Bed Plant
Yeon kwan Kang, Yinsheng He, Han-Sang Lee, Beom-Soo Kim, Liming Xu, Keesam Shin
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(12):817-827.   Published online 2019 Nov 22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.12.817

The use of locally developed high performance alloys in power plants has become essential in the past ten years. Application of these alloys has been difficult because of a shortage of field demonstration testing, and the lack of lab-based test data. In this work, three types of locally developed heat..... More

                           Cited By 1
Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of Partially Double-Filled Skutterudites (La1−zYbz)0.8Fe4−xCoxSb12
Ye-Eun Cha, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(12):801-807.   Published online 2019 Nov 22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.12.801

Partially double-filled skutterudites were prepared via encapsulated melting and hot pressing processes. The skutterudite phase was successfully synthesized through partial double filling of La/Yb and substitution of Co. A small quantity of secondary phase (marcasite FeSb2) was formed, but its formation was suppressed by increasing Co charge compensation. The marcasite..... More

Comparison of the Extraction and Stripping Behavior of Iron (III) from Weak Acidic Solution Between Ionic Liquids and Commercial Extractants
Thanh Tuan Tran, Mudassir Iqbal, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(12):787-794.   Published online 2019 Nov 22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.12.787

Fe(III) can be easily extracted from weak acidic solutions by organophosphorus extractants, but stripping a large amount of Fe(III) from the loaded extractants is very difficult. The extraction and stripping of Fe(III) from 2 pH chloride and sulfate solutions was performed with ionic liquids(ILs) and organophosphorus acidic extractants, and the..... More

                           Cited By 2
Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Continuous Welded 50N Rail
Wookjin Choi, Min Ji Song, Nam-Hyoung Lim, Soo Yeol Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(12):755-763.   Published online 2019 Dec 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.12.755

Rails are subjected to repeated stresses due to wheel-rail contact during train service. Rails under stress conditions undergo microstructural changes, and these cause degradations of the structural integrity and lifetime of rails. In this study, three different rails (newly-manufactured rail, newly-manufactured head-hardened rail, and worn (used) rail) were compared to..... More

Low-Temperature H2S Sensors Based on Si-Coated SnO2 Nanowires
Myung Sik Choi, Ali Mirzaei, Jae Hoon Bang, Han Gil Na, Changhyun Jin, Wansik Oum, Seungmin Han, Sang Sub Kim, Hyoun Woo Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(11):732-740.   Published online 2019 Nov 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.11.732

To attain high life standards, it is important to develop high-performance non-toxic gas sensors for public safety, environmental pollutant control, industrial processes, etc. Because reports on single element semiconductor-coated semiconducting metal oxides for sensing applications are rare, we synthesized SnO2 nanowires and coated them with a 5 nm-thick or 10..... More

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