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Interactions Between Ionic Liquid (ALiCY) and TBP and their Use in Hydrometallurgy for Extracting Co(II) and Ni(II)
Thanh Tuan Tran, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(6):423-432.   Published online 2020 May 14
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.6.423

Abstract
Ionic liquids have emerged in hydrometallurgy as potential extractants for metals. In this work, the interactions of ALiCY (R4N+A-) synthesized by Aliquat336 and Cyanex272, and a mixture of ALiCY and TBP, were analyzed using extraction data and FT-IR spectroscopy. Co(II) and Ni(II) were extracted from two HCl concentrations (1.0×10-4 and..... More

                        
Enhanced Thermoelectric Transport Properties of n-type InSe by Sn doping
Sung-sil Choo, Seok-won Hong, Hyun-Sik Kim, Sang-il Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):348-352.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.348

Abstract
Layered post transition metal chalcogenides such as SnSe, SnSe2, In2Se3, and In4Se3 have attracted attention as promising thermoelectric materials due to their intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivities. Recently, n-type indium selenide (InSe) based materials have also been suggested as good candidates for thermoelectric materials by optimizing their electrical properties, i.e.,..... More

                        
Synthesis of Fe-Doped Tetrahedrites Cu12-xFexSb4S13 and Characterization of Their Thermoelectric Properties
Sung-Yoon Kim, Ji-Hee Pi, Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):340-347.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.340

Abstract
Tetrahedrite (C12Sb4S13) has attracted attention as a p-type thermoeletric material with very low thermal conductivity induced by the anharmonic oscillation of Cu due to the lone-pair electrons of Sb. Many studies have been conducted to improve its thermoelectric performance by partially substituting the transition elements for the Cu sites. In..... More

                        
Design of Ultrawide Bandwidth Electromagnetic Wave Absorbers with Square Patch Frequency Selective Surfaces with Different Geometries
Tian Liu, Sung-Soo Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):326-333.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.326

Abstract
A reliable and efficient numerical method is presented for the design of broadband absorbers, fabricated by layering two square patch-frequency selective surfaces (SP-FSS) with different geometries on a grounded dielectric substrate. The circuit parameters of the inductance and capacitance of the SP-FSS were retrieved using the strip wire conductor model...... More

                        
The Effect of the Surface Energy of Water Glass on the Fluidity of Sand
Min A Bae, Man Sig Lee, Jae Ho Baek
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):319-325.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.319

Abstract
In recent years, the metal casting industry has sought to meet ever more stringent environmental standards. Inorganic binders based on silicate chemistry have many advantages with respect to environmental issues, but often suffer from reduced strength, burn-on and poor water-resistance. In particular, when sand is mixed with a water glass..... More

                        
Synthesis of Porous Silica Particles for the Adsorption of Organic Dye in Aqueous Medium
Young-Sang Cho, Sol Jeong, Soyoung Nam
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):304-318.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.304

Abstract
This study investigated the removal of the organic dye like methylene blue using porous particles in a batch adsorption process. Porous silica microparticles were synthesized with macropores or meso-macropores and used as adsorbent particles. The hierarchically porous structures with additional mesopores were found to be more effective adsorbent than simple..... More

                        
A Method of Synthesizing Lithium Hydroxide Nanoparticles Using Lithium Sulfate from Spent Batteries by 2-Step Precipitation Method
Soyeong Joo, Hyun-Woo Shim, Jin-Ju Choi, Chan-Gi Lee, Dae-Guen Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(4):286-291.   Published online 2020 Mar 10
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.4.286

Abstract
In this work, LiOH was synthesized using highly soluble Li2SO4. To enhance efficiency, this synthesis was performed using the precipitation method, and the correlation between each experimental condition and the synthesis of LiOH was investigated. The particle size and crystalline properties were tailored by controlling various experimental conditions, including the..... More

                        
Solid-State Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of Tetrahedrites Cu12Sb4-yBiyS13
Sung-Gyu Kwak, Ji-Hee Pi, Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(4):272-277.   Published online 2020 Mar 9
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.4.272

Abstract
Tetrahedrite has low lattice thermal conductivity because of the lone-pair electrons of Sb, which cause the Cu atoms to vibrate at a low frequency and high amplitude. The synthesis of tetrahedrite compounds by conventional melting methods requires a long-time reaction and annealing. However, a homogeneous and solid-state synthesis can be..... More

                        
Effect of Sintering Temperature on the Characteristics of Zn0.99Li0.01O Thin Film on Si Substrate
Gang Bae Kim, June Won Hyun
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(4):257-262.   Published online 2020 Apr 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.4.257

Abstract
Lithium-doped zinc oxide (Zn0.99Li0.01O) film was manufactured by the sol-gel method using uniform and stable solution of zinc acetate dehydrate and lithium acetate dehydrate in methanol. Films were deposited by spin-coating using spinner between 4500 and 5000 rpm on silicon substrates. The prepared samples were sintered at various temperatures (600..... More

                        
Electron Irradiation Effects on the Optical and Electrical Properties of ZnO/Ag/SnO2 Thin Films
Yu-Sung Kim, Jin-Young Choi, Yun-je park, Su-Hyeon Choe, Byung-Chul Cha, Young-Min Kong, Daeil Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(3):190-194.   Published online 2020 Mar 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.3.190

Abstract
Transparent conductive ZnO 50 nm/Ag 10 nm/SnO2 50 nm (ZAS) tri-layer films were deposited on glass substrates by magnetron sputtering, and then the surface was subjected to intense electron beam irradiation to investigate the effects of electron irradiation on the structural, optical, and electrical properties of the films. After deposition,..... More

                        
Long-time Oxidation of Ti3(Al,Si)C2 Carbides at 400-800 oC
Junhee Hahn, Sang Whan Park, Dong Bok Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(3):182-189.   Published online 2020 Mar 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.3.182

Abstract
Quarternay carbides of Ti3AlxSi1-xC2 (x=0.3, 0.5, and 0.7) were oxidized at 400, 600, and 800 °C for 0.5-6 months in order to study their long-time oxidation behavior in air. When they were oxidized at 400-600 oC for 0.5-3 months, oxidation proceeded relatively slowly with moderate weight gains. However, further oxidation..... More

                        
Synthesis of Porous Particles by Electrospray-Assisted Self-Assembly for Water-Repellent or Photocatalytic Surfaces
Young-Sang Cho, Younghyun Lee, Nahee Ku, Sugueun Ji, Young Seok Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(2):112-124.   Published online 2020 Jan 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.2.112

Abstract
In this study, an electrospray technique was used for the synthesis of macroporous ceramic particles, such as silica or titania, by a colloidal templating method. For this purpose, a suspension of polystyrene nanospheres was synthesized by dispersion polymerization for use as sacrificial templates. The feed solution containing a ceramic precursor..... More

                        
Study on the Effect of the Thiourea on Nano-Mechanical Properties and Microstructures of the Electroformed Thin Ni-P Foil
Moo Young Jung, Chang Su Nam, Byung-Sik Lee, Yong Choi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(1):1-6.   Published online 2020 Jan 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.1.1

Abstract
The effect of thiourea on the nano-mechanical and chemical properties of Ni-P foil was studied to develop a high performance Ni-P deposit for automobile and machinery parts. The Ni-P deposit was prepared by electroforming in a modified sulphate bath with different amounts of thiourea. Chemical analysis of the electrodeposited Ni-P..... More

                        
Demonstration Testing of Boiler Tubes in a Clean Power Test-Bed Plant
Yeon kwan Kang, Yinsheng He, Han-Sang Lee, Beom-Soo Kim, Liming Xu, Keesam Shin
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(12):817-827.   Published online 2019 Nov 22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.12.817

Abstract
The use of locally developed high performance alloys in power plants has become essential in the past ten years. Application of these alloys has been difficult because of a shortage of field demonstration testing, and the lack of lab-based test data. In this work, three types of locally developed heat..... More

                           Cited By 1
Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of Partially Double-Filled Skutterudites (La1−zYbz)0.8Fe4−xCoxSb12
Ye-Eun Cha, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(12):801-807.   Published online 2019 Nov 22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.12.801

Abstract
Partially double-filled skutterudites were prepared via encapsulated melting and hot pressing processes. The skutterudite phase was successfully synthesized through partial double filling of La/Yb and substitution of Co. A small quantity of secondary phase (marcasite FeSb2) was formed, but its formation was suppressed by increasing Co charge compensation. The marcasite..... More

                        
Comparison of the Extraction and Stripping Behavior of Iron (III) from Weak Acidic Solution Between Ionic Liquids and Commercial Extractants
Thanh Tuan Tran, Mudassir Iqbal, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(12):787-794.   Published online 2019 Nov 22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.12.787

Abstract
Fe(III) can be easily extracted from weak acidic solutions by organophosphorus extractants, but stripping a large amount of Fe(III) from the loaded extractants is very difficult. The extraction and stripping of Fe(III) from 2 pH chloride and sulfate solutions was performed with ionic liquids(ILs) and organophosphorus acidic extractants, and the..... More

                           Cited By 1
Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Continuous Welded 50N Rail
Wookjin Choi, Min Ji Song, Nam-Hyoung Lim, Soo Yeol Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(12):755-763.   Published online 2019 Dec 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.12.755

Abstract
Rails are subjected to repeated stresses due to wheel-rail contact during train service. Rails under stress conditions undergo microstructural changes, and these cause degradations of the structural integrity and lifetime of rails. In this study, three different rails (newly-manufactured rail, newly-manufactured head-hardened rail, and worn (used) rail) were compared to..... More

                        
Low-Temperature H2S Sensors Based on Si-Coated SnO2 Nanowires
Myung Sik Choi, Ali Mirzaei, Jae Hoon Bang, Han Gil Na, Changhyun Jin, Wansik Oum, Seungmin Han, Sang Sub Kim, Hyoun Woo Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(11):732-740.   Published online 2019 Nov 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.11.732

Abstract
To attain high life standards, it is important to develop high-performance non-toxic gas sensors for public safety, environmental pollutant control, industrial processes, etc. Because reports on single element semiconductor-coated semiconducting metal oxides for sensing applications are rare, we synthesized SnO2 nanowires and coated them with a 5 nm-thick or 10..... More

                        
Mechanical Performance and Microstructure of Resistance Element Welds of Dissimilar Metals Created with a Headless Rivet
Young Hyun Oh, Hyun Jung Ryu, Taejung Kim, Minsu Choi, Taeseon Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(11):708-714.   Published online 2019 Oct 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.11.708

Abstract
Resistance Element Welding (REW) is a novel processing technology developed to join dissimilar materials such as aluminum and steel. It uses an auxiliary steel rivet (element) inserted into an aluminum sheet that forms a resistance spot weld with the steel sheet, and the aluminum work piece is mechanically joined by..... More

                           Cited By 1
Improvement of the Hydrogen-Release Features of Mg-Graphene Composite by Adding Nickel via Reactive Ball Milling
Eunho Choi, Young Jun Kwak, Myoung Youp Song
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(10):663-672.   Published online 2019 Sep 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.10.663

Abstract
The dehydrogenation rates of graphene-added Mg (named Mg-5graphene) were very low at 573 K and 593 K. Ni was added to increase the dehydrogenation rates of graphene-added Mg. Samples (designated as Mg-2.5Ni-2.5graphene) with a composition of 95 wt% Mg + 2.5 wt% Ni + 2.5 wt% graphene were prepared by..... More

                           Cited By 1
Up- and Downconversion Luminescence in Ho3+,Yb3+-Co-Doped Y2O3 Transparent Ceramics Prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering
Cheol Woo Park, Jun Hyeong In, Jae Hwa Park, Kwang Bo Shim, Jeong Ho Ryu
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(9):609-616.   Published online 2019 Aug 21
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.9.609

Abstract
We employed spark plasma sintering (SPS) in the presence of sintering aids to fabricate high-quality Ho3+,Yb3+-co-doped Y2O3 transparent ceramics suitable for use as a laser gain medium, and analyzed their microstructure and optical properties. Ho3+,Yb3+-co-doped Y2O3 transparent ceramics with different contents of Yb3+ were fabricated by SPS and exhibited high..... More

                           Cited By 1
Optimization of the CMP Process with Colloidal Silica Performance for Bulk AlN Single Crystal Substrate
Hyo Sang Kang, Joo Hyung Lee, Jae Hwa Park, Hee Ae Lee, Won Il Park, Seung Min Kang, Sung Chul Yi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(9):582-588.   Published online 2019 Aug 21
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.9.582

Abstract
Chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) of bulk AlN was performed with colloidal silica slurry at pH 9 for different times. The result shows that colloidal silica slurry at pH 9, which has the relatively high surface charge of -50.7 mV is most stable, and it was selected as chemically optimum condition..... More

                        
High-Temperature Oxidation of Fe-12Cr-0.3C-4Mn-(13-15)Cu Composite Alloys
Min Jung Kim, Sang-Hwan Bak, Junhee Hahn, Seon Jin Kim, Dong Bok Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(9):575-581.   Published online 2019 Aug 21
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.9.575

Abstract
Alloys of Fe-12Cr-0.3C-4Mn-(13, 14, 15)Cu (wt%) were cast using an induction furnace. They were structurally heterogeneous composites that consisted of a relatively stiff α-Fe matrix and a soft (Cu, Mn)-rich secondary phase. They were developed as self-lubricating, wear-resistant metals. Since the formation of oxides plays an important role in wear,..... More

                           Cited By 1
Eco-Friendly Pretreatment of Titanium Turning Scraps and Subsequent Preparation of Ferro-Titanium Ingots
Jikwang Chae, Jung-Min Oh, Suhwan Yoo, Jae-Won Lim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(9):569-574.   Published online 2019 Aug 21
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.9.569

Abstract
In this study, an eco-friendly pretreatment process was developed to recycle titanium turning scraps and ferro-titanium ingots with low gaseous impurities were prepared using recycled titanium turning scraps. The amount of gaseous impurities of titanium scraps before removing the machining oils on the surface was as high as 20000 ppm...... More

                           Cited By 2
Thermal Conductivity of Three-Dimensionally Interconnected Graphene-Networked Cu Composite Fabricated by a Simple Two-Step Process
Xue Li, Terry Arthur Ring, Byung-Sang Choi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(8):529-534.   Published online 2019 Jul 11
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.8.529

Abstract
A Cu composite reinforced by a three-dimensionally interconnected graphene network was synthesized in situ by a simple two-step process utilizing compacted Cu powder (99% purity) as a template for the growth of graphene. Cu composites with different graphene contents were obtained by controlling the processing parameters. The composites were approximated..... More

                        
Effects of Rapid Thermal Annealing on the Structural, Optical, and Electrical Properties of ZnO/Ag/SnO2 Tri-Layer Films
Su-Hyeon Choe, Yu-Sung Kim, Jin-Young Choi, Yun-Je Park, Byung-Chul Cha, Young-Min Kong, Daeil Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(8):506-509.   Published online 2019 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.8.506

Abstract
ZnO 50 nm/Ag 10 nm/SnO2 50 nm (ZAS) tri-layer films were deposited on a glass substrate by RF and DC magnetron sputtering and then underwent rapid thermal annealing in a low vacuum of 1×10-3 Torr to investigate the effects of post-deposition annealing on the optical and electrical properties of the..... More

                        
Hydrogen-Induced Cracking of Laser Beam and Gas Metal Arc Welds on API X65 Steel
Junghoon Lee, Myeonghyun Kim, Yeongdo Park, Cheolho Park, Cheolhee Kim, Namhyun Kang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(8):491-498.   Published online 2019 Jul 11
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.8.491

Abstract
Hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC) behavior was analyzed for gas metal arc (GMA) and laser beam (LB) welds on American Petroleum Institute (API) X65 steel. The GMA welds consisted of acicular ferrite (AF) with some widmanstatten ferrite (WF), while the LB welds had bainitic ferrite (BF) with some AF. The welds and..... More

                           Cited By 1
Effect of Process Parameters on the Angular Distribution of Sputtered Cu Flux in Long-Throw Sputtering System
Hee-Young Shin, Tae-Ho Kim, Jun-Woo Park, Hyun-Chul Sohn
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(7):462-467.   Published online 2019 Jun 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.7.462

Abstract
In this work, the angular distribution of the sputtered Cu flux in a long throw sputtering (LTS) system is extracted from the comparison of experimentally-measured profiles of deposited films with simulated profiles of films in overhang contact structure. And effects of the sputtering process parameters such as Ar pressure during..... More

                        
Effects of Molybdenum on HIC Susceptibility in Normalized Pressure Vessel Steels for Sour Service Applications
Kijung Park, Dae Hyun Cho, Min-Ho Park, Cheol-Woong Yang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(7):405-411.   Published online 2019 Jun 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.7.405

Abstract
This paper discusses a molybdenum-added alloy design for normalized pressure vessel steels, to reduce hydrogen induced cracking (HIC) and inhibit crack propagation. The change in microstructure produced by the modified alloy composition was analyzed to determine its effect on HIC characteristics. The microstructural change was observed by optical microscopy, hardness..... More

                        
Tin Microcrystals Synthesized by Thermal Chemical Vapor Deposition in a Hydrogen-Reducing Atmosphere
Daseul Ham, Won Jeong, Hyon Chol Kang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(6):390-395.   Published online 2019 May 16
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.6.390

Abstract
We demonstrate a synthetic route to high-quality Sn microcrystals using thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) in a hydrogen-reducing atmosphere. During thermal CVD with SnO2 powder, a mixture of Ar and H2 (4%) gases was used as a carrier gas to maintain a hydrogen reduction environment. Hydrogen maintained a reduction environment..... More

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