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Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of (La1−zPrz)0.8Fe4−xCoxSb12 Skutterudites
Ye-Eun Cha, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(10):772-778.   Published online 2018 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.10.772

Abstract
Partially La/Pr-double-filled and Co-substituted (La1−zPrz)0.8Fe4−xCoxSb12 skutterudites were synthesized by encapsulated melting and vacuum hot pressing. (La,Pr)Sb2 phases were not formed because the partial filling did not exceed the filling fraction limit, and the amount of secondary phase FeSb2 also decreased as the Co content increased. Electrical conductivity decreased with increasing..... More

      
Diluents Role in Extraction and Possible Separation of Light Rare Earth Elements from Chloride Solutions by using Cyanex® 272 used as an Extractant
Rajesh Kumar Jyothi, Hae-Rim Kim, Joon Soo Kim, Kyeong-Woo Chung, Jin-Young Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(10):763-771.   Published online 2018 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.10.763

Abstract
The present paper deals with liquid-liquid extraction studies and the possible separation of light rare earths (LREs) from chloride solutions. Aromatic diluents such as benzene, toluene and xylene were tested for LREs extraction and possible separation from chloride solutions. Bis(2,4,4-triethylpentyl)phosphinic acid (trade name Cyanex® 272) was used as an extractant..... More

      
Effect of MgO Addition on the Monoclinic to Tetragonal Transition of ZrO2 Fabricated by High Energy Ball Milling
Ashutosh Sharma, Byungmin Ahn
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(10):718-726.   Published online 2018 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.10.718

Abstract
In this work, we studied the formation of partially stabilized zirconia by a high energy ball milling (HEBM) approach. Zirconia powder was mixed with 8 mol% MgO and the powder mixture was milled for 10 hours. The structural and morphological evolutions of the powder particles were studied using X-ray diffraction..... More

      
Thermoelectric Properties of Ge-doped Higher Manganese Silicides MnSi1.72-1.73:Gem
Sol-Bin Park, In-Jae Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):693-698.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.693

Abstract
Ge-doped higher manganese silicides (HMSs) MnSi1.72–1.73:Gem (m = 0.01-0.04) were prepared and their thermoelectric properties were studied. HMS powders were synthesized by solid-state reaction of raw material powders (Mn, Si, and Ge) at 1273 K for 6 h in vacuum, and hot-pressed at 1173 K for 2 h under 70..... More

                        
Effects of Annealing on Structure and Magnetic Properties of Fe-Si-Al Flakes
Pyungwoo Jang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):680-685.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.680

Abstract
This study elucidates the effects of annealing on the properties of Fe-Si-Al flakes. The changes of the DO3 phase, the lattice parameter and the grain size of the flakes were analyzed by X-ray peak broadening and shift. Static magnetic properties, namely, coericivity and saturation magnetization, were analyzed by a vibration..... More

                        
Influence of Nanosized AlN Powders on the Microstructure, Brazeability, and Tensile Properties of Al-based Filler for Low Temperature Al/Cu Dissimilar Brazing
Do Hyun Jung, Jae Pil Jung
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):664-673.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.664

Abstract
This study examined the influence of nanosized aluminum nitride (AlN) powders (0, 0.01, 0.05, 0.10, 0.30, and 0.50 wt%), on an Al4047-based filler metal. Nanosized AlN powders were dispersed uniformly into the filler metal by a mechanical mixing and melting route using a stainless steel propeller. The influences of nanosized..... More

                        
Effect of BN Addition on the Mechanical Properties of TiN-BN Composites
Woo-Jin Cho, In-Jin Shon
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):658-663.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.658

Abstract
Titanium nitride (TiN) has been used extensively in coating materials and cutting tools because of its attractive properties, which include low density, high melting point, high hardness and thermodynamic stability. However, like many ceramic materials, its low fracture toughness limits wide industrial application. The methods generally utilized to improve its..... More

                        
Characteristics of Electroless Sn Plating Electrolyte using a Choline Chloride-Based Ionic Liquid
Chieon Park, Bongyoung Yoo, Joonkyun Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):645-651.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.645

Abstract
In the present study, a choline chloride(ChCl)-based ionic liquid(IL) was used as an electrolyte to confirm the characteristics of electroless tin plating. The effect of the type of additive and reducing agent, as well as the addition of complexing agent and water, on the properties of the ChCl-based IL, including..... More

                        
Raising the Dehydrogenation Rate of a Mg-CMC (Carboxymethylcellulose, Sodium Salt) Composite by Alloying Ni via Hydride-Forming Milling
Myoung Youp Song, Eunho Choi, Young Jun Kwak
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(8):620-627.   Published online 2018 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.8.620

Abstract
In our previous work, samples with a composition of 95 wt% Mg + 5 wt% CMC (Carboxymethylcellulose, Sodium Salt, [C6H7O2(OH)x(C2H2O3Na)y]n) (named Mg-5 wt%CMC) were prepared through hydride-forming milling. Mg-5 wt%CMC had a very high hydrogenation rate but a low dehydrogenation rate. Addition of Ni to Mg is known to increase..... More

                        
Hydrogen Uptake and Release Characteristics of Mg-xTaF5-xVCl3 (x=1.25, 2.5, and 5)
Myoung Youp Song, Young Jun Kwak
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(8):611-619.   Published online 2018 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.8.611

Abstract
TaF5 and VCl3 were chosen as additives to enhance the hydrogen uptake and release rates of Mg. The total content of the additives was not more than 10 wt% since too high content reduces the fraction of Mg and thus the hydrogen storage capacity of the alloys. Samples with compositions..... More

                           Cited By 1
Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of N-type Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey:Im Prepared by Encapsulated Melting and Hot Pressing
Woo-Jin Jung, Hyeok-Jin Kim, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):544-550.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.544

Abstract
Iodine-doped n-type Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey:Im (x = 0.1–0.2, y = 0.15–0.6, and m = 0.0025–0.005) quaternary solid solutions were prepared by encapsulated melting (EM) and hot pressing (HP). The lattice constants of the resulting materials decreased with increasing Sb and Se contents, whereas the amount of I dopant was too small to..... More

                        
Hydrogen Storage Properties of Mg-Graphene Composites
Myoung Youp Song, Young Jun Kwak, Eunho Choi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):524-531.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.524

Abstract
To improve the hydrogen uptake and release properties of magnesium (Mg), five weight percent of graphene was added to pre-milled Mg by milling in hydrogen (reaction-involving milling). The hydrogen uptake and release properties of the graphene-added Mg (named Mg-5graphene) were investigated. Premilling of Mg (for 24 h) and then adding..... More

                           Cited By 1
Effects of Direct Current on the Wetting between Molten Al and a Graphite Substrate
In-Jin Shon
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):505-510.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.505

Abstract
Graphite fiber attracted much attention in the area of aluminum based composite due to its low density and high strength. However, one of the major drawbacks in fabricating graphite reinforced metal matrix composites (MMCs) is that aluminum generally does not wet graphite. Therefore, it is difficult to impregnate the graphite..... More

                        
Phase-field Modeling of Precipitate Behavior in RPV Steel Using CALPHAD Database
Kunok Chang, Junhyun Kwon, Gyeong-Geun Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):472-478.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.472

Abstract
We developed a multi-scale modeling framework using the thermodynamic UW1 database of the Fe-Mn-Ni-Si quaternary system. To obtain input data for the phase-field model, such as mobility and interfacial energy data, we used DICTRA software and the TC-PRISMA package with the commercial TCFE8 and MOBFE3 databases. Using the developed framework,..... More

                        
Thermoelectric Properties of Partially Double-filled (Ce1-zNdz)yFe4-xCoxSb12 Skutterudites
Ye-Eun Cha, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):465-471.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.465

Abstract
(Ce1-zNdz)yFe4-xCoxSb12 skutterudites were prepared by encapsulated melting, annealing, and hot pressing. The formation of a marcasite phase (FeSb2) was significantly suppressed by partially filling the voids with Ce/Nd and making a Co substitution at the Fe site. Both the Hall and the Seebeck coefficient values were positive, indicating that all..... More

                        
Effect of Via Pitch on the Extrusion Behavior of Cu-filled TSV
Seho Kee, Wonjoong Kim, Jaepil Jung, Minhyung Choi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):449-458.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.449

Abstract
In this study, the extrusion behavior of Cu fill material in a through-Si-via (TSV) subjected to thermal loading was investigated. The Cu filling of the TSV was accomplished using pulse periodic reverse (PPR) electroplating. To study the extrusion, TSVs of varying via pitch were filled with Cu by electroplating. Defect-free Cu..... More

                        
Evaluations of Hydrogen Permeation on Ni-SCYb Nano-Composites Membrane by Sol-Gel Methods
Min Gyeom Kim, Tae Whan Hong
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(5):406-411.   Published online 2018 May 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.5.406

Abstract
Industrially meaningful hydrogen production process from mixture or syngas certainly must have a cooling process, which is typically pressure swing adsorption (PSA). However, the PSA process involves an exothermic reaction during adsorption. Recently, hydrogen separation research has been in progress in order to develop a cooling process to minimize or..... More

      
A Study of Silicon Crystallization Dependence upon Silicon Thickness in Aluminum-induced Crystallization Process
Doo Won Lee, Muhammad Fahad Bhopal, Soo Hong Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(5):400-405.   Published online 2018 May 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.5.400

Abstract
Aluminum-induced crystallization(AIC) is one of the ways to improve characteristics of thin-film poly-crystalline (TFPC) silicon solar cell since it shows large grain size and good properties for TFPC silicon solar cell. In AIC process, aluminum is firstly deposited on foreign substrate. Then, silicon is deposited on aluminum. Annealing was done..... More

      
Development of a Mg-Based Alloy with a Hydrogen-Storage Capacity of 7 wt% by Adding a Polymer CMC via Transformation-Involving Milling
Myoung Youp Song, Eunho Choi, Young Jun Kwak
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(5):392-399.   Published online 2018 May 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.5.392

Abstract
The addition of CMC (Carboxymethylcellulose, Sodium Salt) may improve the hydriding and dehydriding properties of Mg since it has a relatively low melting point and the melting of CMC during transformation-involving milling may put the milled samples in good states to absorb and release hydrogen rapidly. Samples with compositions of..... More

         Cited By 2
Modification of the Amount of CH4 Supplied for the Efficient CH4 Reduction of SnO2
Taeyang Han, Youhan Sohn, Hyunwoo Ha, Mi Yoo, Sangyeol Kim, Sang-ro Lee, Hyun You Kim, Jun Hyun Han
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(5):384-391.   Published online 2018 May 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.5.384

Abstract
The methane reduction (MR) of SnO2 has been proposed as a highly efficient method for recovering Sn from SnO2 containing industrial wastes. The MR of SnO2 also produces a mixture of H2 and CO, which can be further utilized as a syngas for the production of various fuels through the..... More

      
Effect of Sn Content on Filler and Bonding Characteristics of Active Metal Brazed Cu/Al2O3 Joint
Jioh Shin, Ashutosh Sharma, Do-hyun Jung, Jae Pil Jung
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(5):366-374.   Published online 2018 May 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.5.366

Abstract
This study examined the effects of the Sn content in a pure active metal filler Ag-Cu-Ti for the brazing of a Cu/ Al2O3 joint. The optimal content of Sn to effectively wet alumina was 5 wt%. The microstructure of the brazed joint showed the presence of an Ag-rich matrix and..... More

      
High-temperature Oxidation of Hot-dip Aluminized 2.25Cr-1Mo Steel
Muhammad Ali Abro, Junhee Hahn, Dong Bok Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(5):350-359.   Published online 2018 May 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.5.350

Abstract
When 2.25Cr-1Mo steel was hot-dip aluminized, a coating consisting of (Al-rich topcoat)/(Al13Fe4 layer)/(Al5Fe2 layer) formed. With increment of oxidation temperature, the transform of Al→Al13Fe4→Al5Fe2→AlFe→AlFe3→α-Fe(Al)→α-Fe occurred through interdiffusion between the coating and the substrate as follows. The oxidation at 700 oC changed the coating to (α-Al2O3 scale)/(α-Al2O3, Al13Fe4, Al5Fe2)-mixed layer)/(Al5Fe2 layer)/(AlFe..... More

      
Enhanced Electrical Properties and Stability of Solution-processed Amorphous Oxide Thin Film Transistors with Multi-active Layers
Won Seok Choi, Byung Jun Jung, Myoung Seok Kwon
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(4):304-312.   Published online 2018 Apr 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.4.304

Abstract
We investigated the electrical properties and gate bias stress stability of solution-processed amorphous oxide thin film transistors (TFTs) with multi-stacked active layers. With the multi-layered InZnO (In:Zn = 1:1), mobility was increased from 4.6 to 21.2 cm2V-1s-1 and the subthreshold swing (SS) was improved from 0.71 to 0.54 V/decade compared..... More

      
High-temperature Corrosion of CrAlSiN Thin Films in N2/0.1%H2S Gas
Muhammad Ali Abro, Junhee Hahn, Dong Bok Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(4):272-279.   Published online 2018 Apr 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.4.272

Abstract
Cr25.2Al19.5Si4.7N50.5 thin films were deposited on steel substrates by cathodic arc plasma deposition. They consisted of alternating fcc-Cr(Al)N/hcp-Al(Cr,Si)N nanolayers. They were corroded at 900 and 1000 oC for 5-100 h in N2/0.1%H2S gas atmosphere. Their corrosion mechanism, the structure of the formed scales, and the role of film-constituting elements during..... More

      
Comparison of the Hydrogen Release Properties of Zn(BH4)2-Added MgH2 Alloy and Zn(BH4)2 and Ni-Added MgH2 Alloy
Myoung Youp Song, Young Jun Kwak
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(3):244-251.   Published online 2018 Mar 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.3.244

Abstract
Samples with compositions of 99 w/o MgH2+1 w/o Zn(BH4)2 (designated MgH2-1Zn(BH4)2) and 96 w/o MgH2+2 w/o Zn(BH4)2+2 w/o Ni (designated MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2-2Ni) were prepared by milling in a planetary ball mill in a hydrogen atmosphere (reaction-involving milling). The hydrogen release properties of MgH2- 1Zn(BH4)2 and MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2-2Ni were compared. A larger quantity..... More

      
Bridge Burst Characteristics of Aluminum and Copper Thin-Film Bridges in Electrical Initiation Devices
Kyoungjin Kim, Kyu-Hyoung Kim, Seung-gyo Jang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(3):235-243.   Published online 2018 Mar 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.3.235

Abstract
The optimal design of electrical initiation devices for explosive charges and other high energy materials critically depends on the bridge burst or the electrical explosion of the thin-film metallic bridges. It is therefore quite important to select the right material with suitable explosion properties for the metallic bridge film. However,..... More

      
Efficacy of Acid Cleaning on the Deoxidation of Titanium Powder Using Calcium
Chon-Il Hong, Jae-Won Lim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(3):205-209.   Published online 2018 Mar 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.3.205

Abstract
The optimum acid cleaning conditions for removing CaO formed by the reaction of Ca with Ti powder were investigated in this study. In this experiment, we used Ti powders composed of irregular polygonal Ti particles with average sizes of 125 mm and 250 μm. Ca granules were charged at 50%..... More

      
Hydrogen Absorption and Release Properties of MgH2, Mg2Ni, and Ni-Added Mg via Reactive Mechanical Grinding
Seong-Hyeon Hong, Myoung Youp Song
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(2):155-162.   Published online 2018 Feb 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.2.155

Abstract
In this work, MgH2, Mg2Ni, and Ni were added to Mg in order to improve the hydrogen-storage properties of Mg. A 84 wt% Mg + 10 wt% MgH2 + 5 wt% Mg2Ni + 1 wt% Ni sample (designated the Mg-based sample) was prepared by milling under a hydrogen atmosphere in..... More

      
Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of P-type Bi2-xSbxTe3 Prepared by Mechanical Alloying and Hot Pressing
Kyung-Wook Jang, Hyeok-Jin Kim, Woo-Jin Jung, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(1):66-71.   Published online 2018 Jan 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.1.66

Abstract
Bi2-xSbxTe3 (x = 1.4–1.7) solid solutions were synthesized by mechanical alloying (MA) and consolidated by hot pressing (HP), and their charge transport and thermoelectric properties were examined. The relative densities of the hot-pressed specimens were higher than 96% on average. As the Sb content was increased, the lattice constants decreased,..... More

      
Enhancement of the Hydrogen-Storage Characteristics of Mg by Adding Mg2Ni and Ni to MgH2 via High Energy Ball Milling in Hydrogen Atmosphere
Seong-Hyeon Hong, Young Jun Kwak, Myoung Youp Song
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(1):59-65.   Published online 2018 Jan 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.1.59

Abstract
In this work, Mg2Ni and Ni were added to MgH2 in order to improve the hydrogen-storage properties of Mg. A 94 wt% MgH2+5 wt% Mg2Ni+1wt% Ni (named 94MgH2+5Mg2Ni+1Ni) sample was prepared by milling in a hydrogen atmosphere in a planetary ball mill for 5 h. The Mg2Ni was hydrided during..... More

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