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Hydrogen Induced Cracks in Stainless Steel 304 in Hydrogen Pressure and Stress Corrosive Atmosphere
수소가압 및 응력부식 분위기에서 스테인레스강 SS304의 수소취성균열
Byung Hak Choe, Sang Woo Lee, Jong Kee Ahn, Jinhee Lee, Tae Woon Lim
최병학, 이상우, 안종기, 이진희, 임태운
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(10):653-659.   Published online 2020 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.10.653

The phenomena of hydrogen induced cracking (HIC) in 304 stainless steels was considered in a hydrogen pressure and stress corrosive atmosphere. Microstructures with chloride pits and stress corrosion cracks around the HIC were analyzed by SEM/EDS. Abnormal phase transformations induced by the hydrogen were analyzed using TEM and diffraction. In..... More

Analysis of Stress Corrosion Cracking Propagation of SS304 Stainless Steel Using Crack Shape and Etch Pits
스테인리스강 SS304의 균열 형상과 에치 피트를 이용한 응력부식균열 전파 기구 해석
Byung Hak Choe, Sang Woo Lee, Jong Kee Ahn, Jinhee Lee
최병학, 이상우, 안종기, 이진희
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(9):583-589.   Published online 2020 Aug 19
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.9.583

Austenitic stainless steel SS304 is vulnerable to Cl atmosphere SCC (stress corrosion crack). In this study, SCC phenomena related to stress and corrosion composition were analyzed to identify the mechanism for SCC initiation and propagation in SS304. The microstructure and mechanical properties resulting from crack propagation were analyzed by OM,..... More

Compressive Behavior of 316L Stainless Steel Lattice Structures Fabricated by Selective Laser Melting
SLM공정에 의해 제조된 316L 스테인레스 스틸 격자구조체의 압축 거동 평가
Jin-Myeong Lee, Jung-Eum Lee, Ji-Hoon Kim, Sang-Woo Kim
이진명, 이정음, 김지훈, 김상우
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(4):227-233.   Published online 2020 Mar 10
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.4.227

Lattice structures are multi-functional materials with various advantages such as high specific stiffness, high energy absorption capacity and good thermal management capability. Recently, the development of manufacturing technologies using metal powders has facilitated fabrication of complex products; consequently, interest in lattice structures has grown. In this work, two kinds of..... More

Anisotropy in Green Body Bending Strength due to Additive Direction in the Binder-Jetting Additive Manufacturing Process
Ji-Won Oh, Sahn Nahm, Byoungmoon Kim, Hanshin Choi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(4):227-235.   Published online 2019 Apr 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.4.227

The additive manufacturing (AM) process is a production technology process that has recently attracted attention. Among AM processes, the binder jetting (BJ) method is advantageous because it allows both wide material selection and design freedom. However, the output arrangement, which determines the direction in which the binder is injected during..... More

                           Cited By 5
Comparison of Microstructure and Residual Stress Affecting Stress Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility of Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubes
오스테나이트 스테인리스강 튜브의 응력부식균열 민감도에 영향을 미치는 미세조직 및 잔류응력 비교
Ho Jung Lee, Seungjin Oh, Hongdeok Kim
이호중, 오승진, 김홍덕
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(1):51-59.   Published online 2018 Dec 14
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.1.51

Three 304L austenitic stainless steel feedwater heater (FWH) tubes used in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) were investigated in this study. By comparing metallurgical differences, such as microstructural features, micro-hardness, and circumferential residual stress of the failed and non-failed FWH tubes by stress corrosion cracking (SCC), factors which could affect SCC..... More

                           Cited By 1
Influence of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties for Cold Worked 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel
냉간압연 된 304 오스테나이트 스테인리스강의 열처리에 의한 기계적 특성 평가
Minha Park, Kwangyoon Kim, Jaeho Jang, Hyoung Chan Kim, Hyoung-Seok Moon, Jong Bae Jeon, Dae-Geun Nam, Keun Yong Sohn, Byung Jun Kim
박민하, 김광윤, 장재호, 김형찬, 문형석, 전종배, 남대근, 손근용, 김병준
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):490-498.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.490

Austenitic stainless steels are widely used in a variety of industries, such as power plants, aerospace, automotive, construction and electronics, due to their excellent mechanical properties including ductility, toughness and corrosion resistance. For application in various industries, many parts and products require plastic processes such as cold rolling, cold forging..... More

                           Cited By 1
Effects of Thermal Aging Induced Microstructure Evolution on Mechanical and Corrosion Properties of Delta-Ferrite in Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld
오스테나이트계 스테인리스강 용접부 델타-페라이트의 열화에 따른 미세조직 변화가 기계적 물성 및 부식 특성에 미치는 영향
Sang Kyu Park, Ho Jung Lee, Jong Hyeon Lee
박상규, 이호중, 이종현
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(4):296-303.   Published online 2018 Apr 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.4.296

347 austenitic stainless steel weld (ASSW) was thermally aged at 343, 400 and 450 °C up to 20,000 h in this study. Effects of thermal aging induced microstructure evolution on the mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of delta-ferrite in the 347 ASSW were qualitatively and quantitatively assessed by high resolution..... More

Effect of Thermo-mechanical Treatment on the Formation Behavior of Martensite in 316L Stainless Steel
316L 스테인리스강에서 마르텐사이트 생성거동에 미치는 가공열처리의 영향
Jong-Sig Kim, Jae-Nam Kim, Chang-Yong Kang
김종식, 김재남, 강창룡
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(4):265-271.   Published online 2018 Apr 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.4.265

This study was carried out to investigate the effect of thermo-mechanical treatment on the formation behavior of martensite in 316L stainless steel. Dislocation, α' and ε-martensite were formed by thermo-mechanical treatment. Martensite with surface relief and specific direction was formed by thermo-mechanical treatment. Martensite formed by thermo-mechanical treatment were reversed..... More

Effects of Homogenization Treatment, Mn/S ratio and -ferrite on the Hot Workability of Free-Machining 303-series Austenitic Stainless Steels
쾌삭 303계 스테인레스강의 열간성형성에 미치는 균질화처리, Mn/S 비 및 델타-페라이트의 영향
Jae-Young Jung
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(12):880-887.   Published online 2017 Dec 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.12.880

To improve the hot-workability of free-machining austenitic stainless steel, we studied the effects of homogenization treatment, Mn/S ratio and the retained δ-ferrite on the hot-workability of 303 austenitic stainless steels. The reduction of area was measured as a function of homogenization temperature in the range of 1160-1250 ℃ and 1-50..... More

         Cited By 1
AISI 304 Steel Brazing Using A Flexible Brazing Foil Fabricated by Tape Casting Method
Ashutosh Sharma, Soon-Jae Lee, Joo-Hee Oh, Jae Pil Jung
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(12):836-844.   Published online 2017 Dec 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.12.836

The authors report the fabrication of a flexible nickel brazing foil using powdered nickel alloy filler (BNi-2) mixed with an organic binder. The organic binder was composed of a polyacrylic acid polymer, glycol, carbon tetrachloride, and water as a dispersion medium for the powder. The brazing paste so formed was..... More

Pulsed Electrodeposition of Thin Cobalt Coating Layer on Ferritic Stainless Steel for SOFC Interconnects
Suk-Chul Kwak, Byung Kyu Kim, Dong-Ik Kim, Young Whan Cho
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(11):768-776.   Published online 2017 Oct 31
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.11.768

A thin, compact, and uniform cobalt layer was coated on ferritic stainless steel (Crofer 22 APU) by high frequency square pulsed electrodeposition in an aqueous solution containing cobalt chloride and boric acid. The effects of various electrodeposition parameters and post heat treatment on the morphology, thickness, roughness and adhesion of..... More

Evaluation of Mechanical Property for Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel 304 by Following Post Weld Heat Treatment
STS304의 후열처리에 따른 용접부 미세조직과 기계적 특성 평가
Daehan Jang, Kwangyoon Kim, Hyoung Chan Kim, Jong Bae Jeon, Dae-Geun Nam, Keun Yong Sohn, Byung Jun Kim
장대한, 김광윤, 김형찬, 전종배, 남대근, 손근용, 김병준
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(9):664-670.   Published online 2017 Aug 30
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.9.664

Austenitic stainless steels have excellent mechanical property and corrosion resistance, and are for these reasons used in demanding applications such as power plant, nuclear reactor and off-shore plant. Especially, austenitic stainless steel 304 (STS304) is mainly used as a pipe material in nuclear power plants. Submerged arc welding (SAW) is..... More

         Cited By 2
Enhanced Resistance to Delayed Cracking in Deep-drawn Lean Duplex Stainless Steel: the Role of Residual Stress
Seok Hwan Jung, Taekyung Lee, Seok Weon Song, Young Jin Kwon, Hyung-Gu Kang, Dongchul Chae, Chong Soo Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(8):544-549.   Published online 2017 Aug 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.8.544

The delayed cracking behavior of deep-drawn lean duplex stainless steel (LDSS) was investigated, and compared with that of conventional metastable austenitic stainless steels (MASS). Hydrogen charging was performed by electrochemical method, and the hydrogen-charged specimens were subjected to the slow-strain-rate test. Fractures occurred along the phase boundaries in the LDSS,..... More

Hot Deformation Behavior of As-cast Low Nickel Fe-22Cr-9.5Mn-3.3Ni Austenite Steel
니켈감량 Fe-22Cr-9.5Mn-3.3Ni 오스테나이트강 주조재의 고온 변형성
Sang Yeon Ahn, Jae Sook Song, Sun Ig Hong
안상연, 송재숙, 홍순익
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(7):477-485.   Published online 2017 Jul 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.7.477

The hot deformation behavior of as-cast and homogenized Fe-22Cr-9.5Mn-3.3Ni stainless steel was investigated over a temperature range between 600~1,250 ℃. The deformability of the as-cast Fe-22Cr-9.5Mn-3.3Ni steel decreased with increasing temperature up to 850 ℃, and then increased at temperatures between 900 and 1200 ℃ caused by dynamic recrystallization at..... More

Acceleration of Nano-Sized NbC Precipitation and Improvement of Creep Resistance in Alumina-Forming Austenitic Stainless Steel via Cold Working
Alumina-Forming 오스테나이트계 스테인리스강의 냉간가공을 통한 미세 NbC 석출 촉진과 크리프 특성 향상
Hyun Hwa Park, Jun Yun Kang, Heon-Young Ha, Tae-Ho Lee, Hyun Uk Hong
박현화, 강전연, 하헌영, 이태호, 홍현욱
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(7):470-476.   Published online 2017 Jul 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.7.470

A feasibility study on microstructure design has been carried out to improve creep rupture life in alumina-forming austenitic (AFA) Fe-14Cr-20Ni-2.3Al stainless steel with and without 2 wt% W addition. After creep tests under 780 °C/80 MPa conditions, it was observed that internal cracks initiated primarily from grain boundaries in the..... More

         Cited By 3

신기승1 · 윤지현2 · 김대환2 · 박용호1, · 김정한3,*

Received 2020 Jul 20     Accepted 2020 Aug 5     Published online 2020 Oct 15
This study investigated the effects of laser power on the microstructure and mechanical properties of functionally gradient materials (FGM) produced by direct energy deposition. The FGM consisted of five different layers, which were a mixture of austenitic stainless steel (Type 316L) and ferritic steel (HSLA). During the direct energy deposition, two different laser... More
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