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Rapid Sintering and Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Ta-ZrO<sub>2</sub> Composite
나노구조 Ta-ZrO2 복합재료 합성과 급속소결
Seong-Eun Kim, In-Jin Shon
김성은, 손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(11):776-781.   Published online 2020 Oct 15
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.11.776

Abstract
ZrO2 is a promising candidate for knee and hip joint replacements due to its excellent combination of low density, corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. Nevertheless, a low fracture toughness of pure ZrO2 at room temperature limits its wider application in the industry. One of the most obvious ways to solve the..... More

                        
Property Evaluation of Tungsten-Carbide Hard Materials as a Function of Fe Contents
Fe 함량변화에 따른 텅스텐카바이드 초경소재의 특성평가
Ju-Hun Kim, Jeong-Han Lee, Junho Jang, Ik-Hyun Oh, Sung-Kil Hong, Hyun Kuk Park
김주훈, 이정한, 장준호, 오익현, 홍성길, 박현국
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(8):533-539.   Published online 2020 Jul 27
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.8.533

Abstract
In this study, consolidated WC-Fe compacts as a function of Fe contents were fabricated by a spark plasma sintering method, following the mixed by the ball-milled powder. Fe among the metallic binders was added to WC enhance not only the driving force of sintering process but also suppressing the grain..... More

                        
Effect of Co Leaching on the Vertical Turning Lathe Wear Properties of Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Manufactured by High Temperature and High Pressure Sintering Process
초고온·고압 소결 공정으로 제조된 다결정 다이아몬드 컴팩트(PDC)의 VTL 마모 특성에 미치는 Co 제거의 영향
Min-Seok Baek, Ji-Won Kim, Bae-Gun Park, Hee-Sub Park, Kee-Ahn Lee
백민석, 김지원, 박배건, 박희섭, 이기안
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(7):480-487.   Published online 2020 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.7.480

Abstract
Polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) has excellent wear resistance, high impact resistance, superior fatigue properties, and has been used in the oil and gas drilling industries. This study investigated the effect of Co leaching on the microstructure, vertical turning lathe (VTL) wear properties of PDCs manufactured by high-temperature and high-pressure (HTHP)..... More

                        
Effect of Zn-Doping on the Phase Transition Behavior and Thermoelectric Transport Properties of Cu<sub>2</sub>Se
Zn 도핑이 Cu2Se의 상전이 거동과 열전수송특성에 미치는 영향
Seung Hyun Jin, Young Soo Lim
진승현, 임영수
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(7):466-471.   Published online 2020 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.7.466

Abstract
We report on the phase transition behavior and thermoelectric transport properties of Zn-doped Cu2Se. Cu2Se is comprised of nontoxic, low-cost and abundant elements, and has been attracting attention because of its very high thermoelectric performance, ZT, at high temperatures. Many studies have reported enhanced ZT in impurity doped Cu2Se, however,..... More

                        
Mechanical Properties and Rapid Sintering of WC-BN-Al Composites
WC-BN-Al복합재료 급속소결 및 기계적 성질
Seong-Eun Kim, Su-Hwan Hong, In-Jin Shon
김성은, 홍수환, 손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(7):453-458.   Published online 2020 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.7.453

Abstract
Tungsten carbides are quite attractive for their superior properties, e.g., high melting point, high hardness, high thermal and electrical conductivities, and relatively high chemical stability. Tungsten carbides with a binder metal, for example Co or Ni, are mainly used to produce cutting tools, nozzles and molds in the composite form...... More

                        
Thermoelectric Transport Properties of N-type Bi<sub>2</sub>Te<sub>2.7</sub>Se<sub>0.3</sub> Compound Prepared by Oxide-Reduction Process
산화물 환원공정에 의해 제작된 n-형 Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 화합물의 열전특성연구
Young Soo Lim, Bae Gun Park, Gil-Geun Lee
임영수, 박배건, 이길근
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):334-339.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.334

Abstract
We report the thermoelectric transport properties of n-type Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 compounds prepared by oxide-reduction process. The oxide-reduction process is a recently developed method that can synthesize Bi2Te3-based compounds using only oxide starting materials, which is advantageous in terms of the diversity of the starting materials and cost efficiency. In this study,..... More

                        
Mechanical Properties and Fabrication of 4YSZ-BN Composites by Pulsed Current Activated Sintering
펄스 전류 활성 소결에 의한 4YSZ-BN 복합재료 제조와 기계적 성질
Woo-Jin Cho, Seong-Eun Kim, Se-Hoon Oh, In-Jin Shon
조우진, 김성은, 오세훈, 손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(12):764-770.   Published online 2019 Nov 22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.12.764

Abstract
4YSZ is generally used in fuel cells, oxygen sensors, hip and knee joint replacements and thermal barriers because of it excellent properties, including low density, high biocompatibility, good resistance against corrosion, hard phase and high melting point, and high ionic conductivity. However, 4YSZ with large grain has low resistance to..... More

                           Cited By 1
Mechanical Properties and Fabrication of a Nanostructured Nb-Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> Composite by High Frequency Induction Heating
고주파 유도 가열에 의한 나노구조의 Nb-Al2O3 복합재료 제조와 기계적 성질
Seong-Eun Kim, Se-Hoon Oh, In-Jin Shon
김성은, 오세훈, 손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(11):701-707.   Published online 2019 Nov 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.11.701

Abstract
Al2O3 has a high Young’s modulus (380 GPa), a low density (3.98 g· cm-3), good high-temperature mechanical properties, biocompatibility and excellent oxidation resistance. Al2O3 has been used for automotive, aerospace, bio-materials and various industrial applications. Despite its various merits, the low fracture toughness of the material below the brittle-ductile transition..... More

                        
Up- and Downconversion Luminescence in Ho<sup>3+</sup>,Yb<sup>3+</sup>-Co-Doped Y<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> Transparent Ceramics Prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering
Cheol Woo Park, Jun Hyeong In, Jae Hwa Park, Kwang Bo Shim, Jeong Ho Ryu
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(9):609-616.   Published online 2019 Aug 21
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.9.609

Abstract
We employed spark plasma sintering (SPS) in the presence of sintering aids to fabricate high-quality Ho3+,Yb3+-co-doped Y2O3 transparent ceramics suitable for use as a laser gain medium, and analyzed their microstructure and optical properties. Ho3+,Yb3+-co-doped Y2O3 transparent ceramics with different contents of Yb3+ were fabricated by SPS and exhibited high..... More

                           Cited By 2
Effect of BN Addition on the Mechanical Properties of AlN
AlN 기계적 성질에 미치는 BN 첨가 영향
Woo-Jin Cho, Se-Hoon Oh, In-Jin Shon
조우진, 오세훈, 손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(5):310-315.   Published online 2019 Apr 10
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.5.310

Abstract
Aluminum nitride (AlN) has several attractive properties including high thermal conductivity, excellent electrical insulation, a thermal expansion coefficient close to that of Si and low density. Accordingly, it is considered a promising packing material and substrate for high power integrated circuits. However, its low fracture toughness at room temperature limits..... More

                           Cited By 2
Property Evaluation of Binderless-WC Hard Materials as a Function of Sintering Temperature
소결온도 변화에 따른 Binderless-WC 소결체 특성평가
Hyun-Kuk Park, Jeong-Han Lee, Jun-Ho Jang, Ik-Hyun Oh
박현국, 이정한, 장준호, 오익현
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(5):304-309.   Published online 2019 Apr 10
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.5.304

Abstract
In this study, Binderless-WC hard materials were fabricated using the pulsed current activated sintering (PCAS) process for a Friction Stir Welding tool and difficult-to-cut tool application. Tungsten carbide (WC) hard materials are used in various industries and possess a superior hardness compared to other hard materials. They have particularly high..... More

                           Cited By 1
Mechanical Properties of Liquid Phase Sintered SiC Materials by the Addition of Unimodal and Bimodal Particles
단일 크기와 이중 크기의 탄화규소 입자를 이용한 액상소결 탄화규소의 기계적 특성
Jun Yeab Lee, Sang Pill Lee, Jin Kyung Lee, Moon Hee Lee, Seung Kuk Hwang
이준엽, 이상필, 이진경, 이문희, 황승국
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(1):60-66.   Published online 2018 Dec 14
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.1.60

Abstract
Both the mechanical properties and probability distribution of liquid phase sintered SiC (LPS-SiC) materials were investigated, based on a detailed analysis of their microstructures. In particular, the effect of the starting sizes of SiC particles on the characterization of LPS-SiC materials was evaluated. LPS-SiC materials were fabricated with a constant..... More

                        
Rapid Sintering of Nanocrystalline (W,Ti)C-Graphene Composites
나노구조 (W,Ti)C-Graphene 복합재료 급속소결
Seong-Eun Kim, In-Jin Shon
김성은, 손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(12):854-860.   Published online 2018 Dec 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.12.854

Abstract
In spite of the many attractive properties of (W,Ti)C, its low fracture toughness limits its wide application. To improve the fracture toughness generally a second phase is added to fabricate a nanostructured composite. In this regard, graphene was considered as the reinforcing agent of (W,Ti)C. (W,Ti)C-graphene composites that were sintered..... More

                           Cited By 3
Thermoelectric Properties of <i>p</i>-type Polycrystalline Si Prepared by Melt-Spinning Process
용융방사법으로 제작된 p-type 다결정 Si의 열전특성 연구
Ju Hyeong Sun, Young Soo Lim
선주형, 임영수
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):686-692.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.686

Abstract
Thermoelectric energy conversion has attracted much attention as an efficient and environment-friendly energy technology. Thermoelectric energy conversion performance is directly influenced by the figure of merit (ZT) of the thermoelectric material, however, most known thermoelectric materials with high ZT contain toxic and/or scarce elements. Herein, we report the thermoelectric properties..... More

                           Cited By 1
Effect of BN Addition on the Mechanical Properties of TiN-BN Composites
Woo-Jin Cho, In-Jin Shon
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):658-663.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.658

Abstract
Titanium nitride (TiN) has been used extensively in coating materials and cutting tools because of its attractive properties, which include low density, high melting point, high hardness and thermodynamic stability. However, like many ceramic materials, its low fracture toughness limits wide industrial application. The methods generally utilized to improve its..... More

                           Cited By 9
Liquid-Phase Reaction Sintering Behavior at below 200 C and Electrical Sheet Resistance of Sn-58Bi/Cu Composite Pastes
Sn-58Bi/Cu 복합 페이스트의 200 °C 미만 액상 반응 소결 거동과 전기저항 변화
Jun Ho Hwang, Dongshin Jeong, Jong-Hyun Lee
황준호, 정동신, 이종현
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):440-448.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.440

Abstract
To fabricate a film with the highest electrical conductivity through liquid-phase reaction sintering below 200 °C using composite pastes containing both Sn-58Bi and Cu particles as a filler material, the effects of process parameters, such as the mixing ratio of the fillers, reaction temperature, and reaction time, were evaluated and..... More

                           Cited By 1
Charging Behavior of Sinter Feed according to Types of Charging Chute
장입 슈트 형태에 따른 소결 원료 장입 거동
Kang-Min Kim, Ki-Woo Lee, Jae-Hong Kwon, Hae-Kwon Jeong, Jeong-Whan Han
김강민, 이기우, 권재홍, 정해권, 한정환
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(12):896-904.   Published online 2017 Dec 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.12.896

Abstract
In the iron ore sintering process, a thermal imbalance can occur in the sinter feed bed which degrades the quality of the sintered ores. In order to solve this thermal imbalance, it is necessary to control the sizes of the sintering feed charging through the chute by designing an appropriate..... More

      
Effect of Diamond Particle Size on the Microstructure and Wear Property of High Pressure High Temperature (HPHT) Sintered Polycrystalline Diamond Compact (PDC)
초 고온・고압 소결된 다결정 다이아몬드 컴팩트의 미세조직 및 마모 특성에 미치는 다이아몬드 입자 크기의 영향
Min-Seok Baek, Hee-Sub Park, Jae-il Lee, Kee-Ahn Lee
백민석, 박희섭, 이재일, 이기안
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(11):790-797.   Published online 2017 Oct 31
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.11.790

Abstract
A polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) is a two-stage sintered body manufactured by placing diamond powders on a WC-Co hard material and then applying the high pressure high temperature (HPHT) sintering process. This study investigated the microstructure and wear properties of the PDC depending on initial diamond particle size. Three different..... More

      
Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of WC Alloy Hard Materials by a Pulsed Current Activated Sintering Method
펄스통전활성 소결법 적용 WC 합금 소결체 제조 및 기계적 특성 평가
Jeong-Han Lee, Hyun-Kuk Park, Jun-Ho Jang, Sung-Kil Hong, Ik-Hyun Oh
이정한, 박현국, 장준호, 홍성길, 오익현
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(11):783-789.   Published online 2017 Oct 31
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.11.783

Abstract
In this study, planetary ball milled WC-5 wt%Co powders were sintered using the pulsed current activated sintering (PCAS) process. With this process, fully densified hard materials were obtained in a shorter time than conventional processes such as a HP and HIP. The particle sizes of the planetary ball milled WC..... More

      
Characteristics of Al Alloy Powders Prepared by Gas Atomized Method Using Pulsed Current Sintered-Body Process
가스분무법으로 제조된 Al 합금분말의 펄스통전 소결체의 특성평가
Hyun-Kuk Park, Jun-Ho Jang, Jung-Han Lee, Ik-Hyun Oh
박현국, 장준호, 이정한, 오익현
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(10):703-709.   Published online 2017 Sep 28
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.10.703

Abstract
In this study, Al alloy targets were fabricated using the powder metallurgy (pulsed current activated sintering, PCAS) process for metal PVD coating target applications. Powders were prepared from Al, Si and Cu ingots for sintering Al alloy compacts using the gas atomizing process. To fabricate the gas atomized Al alloy..... More

      
Sintering of a Nanostructured CoZr-ZrO<sub>2</sub> Composite from Mechanochemically Synthesized Powders
기계화학적 합성과 나노구조 CoZr-ZrO2 복합재료 소결
In-Jin Shon, Jin-Kook Yoon, Kyung-Tae Hong
손인진, 윤진국, 홍경태
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(9):632-636.   Published online 2017 Aug 30
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.9.632

Abstract
Since their development in the 1970s ZrO2 ceramics have been shown to be promising alternative materials for total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, ZrO2 is so brittle that in vivo failure can result from fracture of the ceramic femoral head and fracture of the ceramic acetabular..... More

      
Effect of Graphene Addition on Mechanical Properties of TiN
그래핀 첨가가 TiN 기계적 성질에 미치는 영향
In-Jin Shon, Jin-Kook Yoon, Kyung-Tae Hong
손인진, 윤진국, 홍경태
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(3):179-183.   Published online 2017 Mar 3
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.3.179

Abstract
Despite of many attractive properties of TiN, the current concern about the TiN focuses on its low fracture toughness below the ductile-brittle transition temperature. To improve its mechanical properties, the approach generally utilized has been the addition of a second phase to form composites and to make nanostructured materials. In..... More

      
Effect of Graphene Addition on the Mechanical Properties of TiO<sub>2</sub>
TiO2 기계적 성질에 미치는 그래핀 첨가 영향
In-Jin Shon
손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(2):110-114.   Published online 2017 Feb 2
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.2.110

Abstract
Despite of the many attractive properties of TiO2, its low fracture toughness limits many industrial applications. To improve its fracture toughness, the approach commonly utilized has been the addition of a second phase, to form composites, and to make nanostructured composites. In this regard, highly dense nanostructured TiO2 and TiO2-graphene..... More

         Cited By 3
Effect of Added Gas-Atomized Al-Si/SiC<sub>p</sub> Composite Powder on the Sinterability and Mechanical Properties of Alumix 431 fabricated by Hot-Pressing Process
Eunsun Lee, Jeong-Jung Oak, Yongjin Kim, Yongho Park
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(2):98-109.   Published online 2017 Feb 2
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.2.98

Abstract
The aim of this study is to establish an optimized hot-press sintering condition for aluminum matrix composites (AMCs) by analyzing their sintered microstructure and mechanical properties. The fabricated AMCs in this study consisted of a blend of commercial Ecka Alumix 431 powder, and Al-Si/SiCp powder manufactured by gas atomizer (Al-Si/SiCp)...... More

      
Rapid Sintering of Nanocrystalline SiC-Graphene Composites
나노구조 SiC-Graphene 복합재료 급속소결
In-Jin Shon
손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(12):893-898.   Published online 2016 Dec 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.12.893

Abstract
The low mechanical properties of SiC limit its wide application despite many attractive properties. To improve the mechanical properties, a second phase has been generally added to make a nanostructured composite. In this respect, graphene was evaluated as the reinforcing agent of SiC. SiC-graphene composites were sintered within 2 min..... More

         Cited By 2
Synthesis and Rapid Sintering of Nanocrystalline CoTi-ZrO<sub>2</sub> Composite
나노구조 CoTi-ZrO2 복합재료 합성과 급속소결
In-Jin Shon
손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(11):826-830.   Published online 2016 Nov 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.11.826

Abstract
CoTi and ZrO2 nanopowders were mechanochemically synthesized from CoTiO3 and Zr powders according to the reaction (2CoTiO3 + 3Zr → 2CoTi + 3ZrO2). The milled powders were then consolidated by pulsed current-activated sintering within two minutes under an applied pressure of 80MPa. The average hardness and fracture toughness of the..... More

         Cited By 3
Material Analysis & Characterization
Study of Water Resistance of Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> Doped P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>ZnOBi<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> Sealing Glass System
Moon Kyung Hwang, Il Gu Kim, Bong Ki Ryu
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(8):621-625.   Published online 2016 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.8.621

Abstract
In order to strengthen the structure of the glass and ultimately improve its water resistance, P2O5–ZnO–Bi2O3 was doped with Fe2O3, which generated Fe ions in the phosphate-based glass. These ions constitute (P2O7)−4 groups within the glass network. Structural analysis using Fourier transfer infrared spectroscopy indicated that P-O-P and Bi-O-P bonds..... More

         Cited By 2
Powder Metallurgy
Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of Nanostructured TiC-TiAl by the Pulsed Current Activated Sintering
펄스전류 활성 소결에 의한 나노구조 TiC-TiAl 제조 및 기계적 성질
Bong-Won Kwak, Byung-Su Kim, Jin-Kook Yoon, Kyung-Tae Hong, In-Jin Shon
곽봉원, 김병수, 윤진국, 홍경태, 손인진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(8):566-572.   Published online 2016 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.8.566

Abstract
TiC-Co or TiC-Ni hard materials have been used for cutting tools. However, the high cost and the low hardness of Ni or Co, and the low corrosion resistance of the TiC-Ni and TiC-Co cermets have generated interest in recent years in using them as alternative binder phases. In this study,..... More

         Cited By 3
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