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Microstructural Evolution with Solidification Rate and Heat-Treatment of Single Crystal Superalloy CMSX-4 Grown using Seed
Seed를 이용한 단결정 초내열합금 CMSX-4에서 응고속도 및 열처리에 따른 미세조직 변화
Suncheol Kwon, Jongho Shin, Geunyoung Rim, Gitae Sung, Byunggwan Yoon, Euisuk Jung, Jehyun Lee
권순철, 신종호, 임근영, 성기태, 윤병관, 정의석, 이재현
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(10):745-754.   Published online 2018 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.10.745

The CMSX-4 superalloy including refractory elements was directionally solidified using the seed of a [001] single crystal to control the growth direction to [001], where solidification velocity was changed from 25 to 160 μm/s. In the log-log plot between spacing and solidification velocity, the primary dendrite arm spacing and secondary..... More

Comparative Study on the Texture Evolution and Formability of Warm-Rolled and Cold-Rolled AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Sheets
온간 압연 및 냉간 압연으로 제조한 AZ31 마그네슘 합금 판재의 집합조직 및 성형성 비교
Su Mi Jo, Bong Sun You, Young Min Kim
조수미, 유봉선, 김영민
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(10):734-744.   Published online 2018 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.10.734

The microstructure, texture evolution, and room temperature formability of warm-rolled and coldrolled AZ31 magnesium sheets were investigated in this study. The localized deformation regions, i.e., shear bands, formed during warm-rolling and cold-rolling mainly provide nucleation sites for recrystallization, but the orientation of the recrystallized grains nucleated on the shear bands..... More

Effect of Heat Treatment on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of W-7Ni-3Fe Tungsten Heavy Alloy Manufactured by Metal Injection Molding Process
Metal Injection Molding 공정으로 제조된 W-7Ni-3Fe 텅스텐 중합금의 미세조직 및 기계적 특성에 미치는 열처리의 영향
Seong-June Youn, Yeun-Ah Joo, Tae-Shik Yoon, Kee-Ahn Lee
윤성준, 주연아, 윤태식, 이기안
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(10):727-733.   Published online 2018 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.10.727

This study investigated the microstructure and room temperature mechanical properties of W-7Ni-3Fe (wt%) tungsten heavy alloy (as-fabricated) which was manufactured by metal injection molding (MIM). To identify the effect of heat treatment on the W-7Ni-3Fe alloy, its properties were compared after heattreatment (1,100 oC for 1 hour) in vacuum atmosphere...... More

Effect of MgO Addition on the Monoclinic to Tetragonal Transition of ZrO<sub>2</sub> Fabricated by High Energy Ball Milling
Ashutosh Sharma, Byungmin Ahn
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(10):718-726.   Published online 2018 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.10.718

In this work, we studied the formation of partially stabilized zirconia by a high energy ball milling (HEBM) approach. Zirconia powder was mixed with 8 mol% MgO and the powder mixture was milled for 10 hours. The structural and morphological evolutions of the powder particles were studied using X-ray diffraction..... More

Resistance to Stress Corrosion Cracking of High-Strength 7xxx Series Aluminum Alloys in 3.5% NaCl Solution
항공용 고강도 7xxx계 알루미늄 합금의 3.5% NaCl 수용액에서의 응력부식균열 저항성
Yurim Lee, Heesoo Choi, Soojin Ahn, Cheoljoo Lee, Sangshik Kim
이유림, 최희수, 안수진, 이철주, 김상식
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(10):708-717.   Published online 2018 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.10.708

For proper maintenance and inspection scheduling of aircraft, it is extremely important to measure the resistance to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) behavior of aluminum alloys used for aircraft structures. The SCC resistances of high-strength 7xxx-series aluminum alloys, including 7050-T7451, 7475-T7351 and 7140-T7451, were evaluated along longitudinal (L) and transverse (T)..... More

Tensile Properties at Room and Elevated Temperatures and High-Cycle Fatigue Properties of Extruded AZ80 and TAZ711 Alloys
AZ80과 TAZ711 마그네슘 압출재의 상온 및 고온 인장 특성과 고주기 피로 특성
Sang Won Lee, Sang-Hoon Kim, Sung Hyuk Park
이상원, 김상훈, 박성혁
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(10):699-707.   Published online 2018 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.10.699

The microstructure, tensile properties at room and elevated temperatures, and high-cycle fatigue behavior of an extruded Mg-7Sn-1Al-1Zn (TAZ711) alloy were investigated in comparison with those of an Mg-8Al-0.5Zn (AZ80) alloy extruded under the same conditions. The extruded AZ80 alloy exhibited a fully recrystallized structure, whereas the extruded TAZ711 alloy had..... More

Thermoelectric Properties of Ge-doped Higher Manganese Silicides MnSi<sub>1.72-1.73</sub>:Ge<sub><i>m</i></sub>
Sol-Bin Park, In-Jae Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):693-698.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.693

Ge-doped higher manganese silicides (HMSs) MnSi1.72–1.73:Gem (m = 0.01-0.04) were prepared and their thermoelectric properties were studied. HMS powders were synthesized by solid-state reaction of raw material powders (Mn, Si, and Ge) at 1273 K for 6 h in vacuum, and hot-pressed at 1173 K for 2 h under 70..... More

Thermoelectric Properties of <i>p</i>-type Polycrystalline Si Prepared by Melt-Spinning Process
용융방사법으로 제작된 p-type 다결정 Si의 열전특성 연구
Ju Hyeong Sun, Young Soo Lim
선주형, 임영수
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):686-692.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.686

Thermoelectric energy conversion has attracted much attention as an efficient and environment-friendly energy technology. Thermoelectric energy conversion performance is directly influenced by the figure of merit (ZT) of the thermoelectric material, however, most known thermoelectric materials with high ZT contain toxic and/or scarce elements. Herein, we report the thermoelectric properties..... More

Effects of Annealing on Structure and Magnetic Properties of Fe-Si-Al Flakes
Pyungwoo Jang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):680-685.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.680

This study elucidates the effects of annealing on the properties of Fe-Si-Al flakes. The changes of the DO3 phase, the lattice parameter and the grain size of the flakes were analyzed by X-ray peak broadening and shift. Static magnetic properties, namely, coericivity and saturation magnetization, were analyzed by a vibration..... More

Influence of Nanosized AlN Powders on the Microstructure, Brazeability, and Tensile Properties of Al-based Filler for Low Temperature Al/Cu Dissimilar Brazing
Do Hyun Jung, Jae Pil Jung
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):664-673.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.664

This study examined the influence of nanosized aluminum nitride (AlN) powders (0, 0.01, 0.05, 0.10, 0.30, and 0.50 wt%), on an Al4047-based filler metal. Nanosized AlN powders were dispersed uniformly into the filler metal by a mechanical mixing and melting route using a stainless steel propeller. The influences of nanosized..... More

Effect of BN Addition on the Mechanical Properties of TiN-BN Composites
Woo-Jin Cho, In-Jin Shon
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(9):658-663.   Published online 2018 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.9.658

Titanium nitride (TiN) has been used extensively in coating materials and cutting tools because of its attractive properties, which include low density, high melting point, high hardness and thermodynamic stability. However, like many ceramic materials, its low fracture toughness limits wide industrial application. The methods generally utilized to improve its..... More

Analysis on Variations in Underwater Electromagnetic Signals of a Surface Ship as Varying Placement of ICCP Anodes
ICCP 양극 배치 변화에 따른 수중 전자기 신호 변화 분석
Sangkyu Lee, Hyun-Ju Jung, Chang-Seob Yang
이상규, 정현주, 양창섭
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(8):628-634.   Published online 2018 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.8.628

The impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) is widely used for preventing galvanic corrosion and it strongly influences the underwater electromagnetic signals of a surface ship. For military use, the signals should be reduced to avoid threats such as modern naval weapons triggered by the signals. We analyzed the underwater electric..... More

Potential of Ruthenium and Cobalt as Next-generation Semiconductor Interconnects
Ru와 Co의 차세대 반도체 배선 적용성 연구
Dooho Choi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(8):605-610.   Published online 2018 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.8.605

Severe resistivity size effect in Cu interconnects is attributed to the relatively long bulk electron mean free path (39 nm at 298 K), which is inherently determined by phonon scattering. In this regard, Ru and Co have been recently considered as attractive alternatives for next-generation interconnect materials because the significantly..... More

Evaluation on Reheat Cracking of Multi-pass Weld Metal of YP 690 QT Steel
해양플랜트용 YP 690 MPa급강 다층 용접부의 재열 균열 특성 평가
Yong Taek Shin, Young Ju Jo
신용택, 조영주
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(8):580-588.   Published online 2018 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.8.580

This study evaluated the relationship between reheat cracking that occurs in the reheated weld zone formed by subsequent multi-pass welding and the preheat/interpass temperature. The multi-pass weldment was YP 690 MPa high-strength steel, which is used in mobile offshore platform units. The welding process was flux-cored arc welding (FCAW), which..... More

Effect of Carbon Contents on Corrosion and Hydrogen Diffusion Behaviors of Ultra-Strong Steels for Automotive Applications
탄소함량이 자동차용 초고강도 철강소재의 부식 및 수소 확산 거동에 미치는 영향
Eun Hye Hwang, Hwan Goo Seong, Sung Jin Kim
황은혜, 성환구, 김성진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(8):570-579.   Published online 2018 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.8.570

Recently developed ultra-strong GIGA STEEL exhibites superior mechanical properties, with a high tensile strength of more than 1.5 GPa and good impact toughness. Nevertheless, its application to auto parts has been severely restricted, mainly due to a substantial reduction in the resistance to hydrogen embrittlement (HE) induced by aqueous corrosion...... More

Effects of Initial Microstructures and Annealing Conditions on Mechanical Properties of Cryo-rolled Low Carbon Manganese Steels
극저온압연한 저탄소망간강의 초기 미세조직과 어닐링 조건이 기계적성질에 미치는 영향
Jong Chul Lee, Won Jong Nam
이종철, 남원종
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(8):551-560.   Published online 2018 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.8.551

The effect of annealing on the microstructural evolution of the matrix in low carbon manganese steels with different initial microstructures, including martensite, bainite and a mixture of ferrite and pearlite, was investigated in conjunction with the charge in mechanical properties. During annealing, steels with a deformed ferrite + pearlite microstructure..... More

Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of N-type Bi<sub>2-x</sub>Sb<sub>x</sub>Te<sub>3-y</sub>Se<sub>y</sub>:I<sub>m</sub> Prepared by Encapsulated Melting and Hot Pressing
Woo-Jin Jung, Hyeok-Jin Kim, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):544-550.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.544

Iodine-doped n-type Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey:Im (x = 0.1–0.2, y = 0.15–0.6, and m = 0.0025–0.005) quaternary solid solutions were prepared by encapsulated melting (EM) and hot pressing (HP). The lattice constants of the resulting materials decreased with increasing Sb and Se contents, whereas the amount of I dopant was too small to..... More

Thermoelectric Properties of Cu<sub>1.98</sub>Se Prepared by Melt-spinning Process
용융방사법으로 제작된 Cu1.98Se의 열전특성
Jang-Yeul Tak, Young Soo Lim
탁장렬, 임영수
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):532-537.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.532

Cu2Se exhibits very low thermal conductivity and the origin is known to be the "liquid-like" behavior of Cu ions around the sub-lattice of Se. Due to its very high ZT, research interest in the thermoelectric properties of this material has been increasing rapidly. However, most studies have used a conventional melting..... More

Leaching of Silver (Ag) from Electronic Scrap by Thiourea
전자스크랩으로부터 티오요소에 의한 은(Ag) 침출
Hong-Il So, Joo-eun Lee, Yeon-Chul Cho, Jae-Woo Ahn, Ho-Jin Ryu
소홍일, 이주은, 조연철, 안재우, 류호진
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):511-517.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.511

The leaching behavior of silver from electronic scrap using acidic thiourea solution was studied. The results showed that the silver leaching percentage was affected by the concentration of thiourea and hydrochloric acid, the oxidant such as ferric ions, solid-liquid ratio, temperature, rpm, etc. The leaching percentage of silver decreased with..... More

Effects of Si on the Characteristics of FCA Multi-Layer Weld Metal with 460 MPa Yield Strength Grade Steels for Ships and Marine Structures
선박 및 해양구조물용 항복강도 460 MPa급 강재의 FCA 다층 용접금속부 특성에 미치는 규소의 영향
Jong-Sig Kim, Myeong-Soo Lee, Jong-Min Jung, Han-Geul Choi, Sang-Hoon Jeong, Chang-Yong Kang
김종식, 이명수, 정종민, 최한글, 정상훈, 강창룡
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):499-504.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.499

This study investigated the effect of Si on the characteristics of FCA multi-layer weld metal with 460 MPa yield strength grade steels for ships and marine structures. The effect on microstructure was evaluated by tensile, charpy impact and CTOD testing of 4 FCAW welds containing various C and Si contents...... More

Effects of Short Range Ordering on Aging Phenomenon in Zr-2.5%Nb Pressure Tube Material
단 범위 규칙 반응이 Zr-2.5%Nb 압력관 재료의 시효(aging) 현상에 미치는 영향
Sung Soo Kim, Young Suk Kim, Jong Yeob Jung
김성수, 김영석, 정종엽
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):479-489.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.479

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of aging treatment from 300 °C to 420 °C on the mechanical properties of the pressure tube material at 310 °C, which is outlet temperature pressure tube in CANDU reactor. The short range ordering (SRO) phenomenon during aging process is confirmed by..... More

Main Effects of Plating Parameters on Mechanical and Surface Properties of Electroplated Copper
구리 전해도금 변수의 기계적 특성 및 표면 특성에 미치는 주 효과 분석
Tae-Gyu Woo, Il-Song Park, Kyeong-Won Seol
우태규, 박일송, 설경원
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):459-464.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.459

Electroplated copper has been used as wiring in electronic circuit boards and as cathode materials for secondary batteries, and its usage has expanded into the construction industry because of its convenient production and high economic value. During the electroplating process, various parameters, such as crystal phase and size, can affect..... More

Effect of Via Pitch on the Extrusion Behavior of Cu-filled TSV
Seho Kee, Wonjoong Kim, Jaepil Jung, Minhyung Choi
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):449-458.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.449

In this study, the extrusion behavior of Cu fill material in a through-Si-via (TSV) subjected to thermal loading was investigated. The Cu filling of the TSV was accomplished using pulse periodic reverse (PPR) electroplating. To study the extrusion, TSVs of varying via pitch were filled with Cu by electroplating. Defect-free Cu..... More

Liquid-Phase Reaction Sintering Behavior at below 200 C and Electrical Sheet Resistance of Sn-58Bi/Cu Composite Pastes
Sn-58Bi/Cu 복합 페이스트의 200 °C 미만 액상 반응 소결 거동과 전기저항 변화
Jun Ho Hwang, Dongshin Jeong, Jong-Hyun Lee
황준호, 정동신, 이종현
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):440-448.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.440

To fabricate a film with the highest electrical conductivity through liquid-phase reaction sintering below 200 °C using composite pastes containing both Sn-58Bi and Cu particles as a filler material, the effects of process parameters, such as the mixing ratio of the fillers, reaction temperature, and reaction time, were evaluated and..... More

A Study on Micro-Structure and Wear Behavior of AISI M4 and CPM15V Deposited by Laser Melting
레이저 용융 적층 기술을 이용한 AISI M4와 CPM15V 분말 적층부의 미세 조직 및 마모 특성에 관한 연구
Gyeong Yun Baek, Gwang Yong Shin, Ki Yong Lee, Do Sik Shim
백경윤, 신광용, 이기용, 심도식
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):430-439.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.430

AISI M4 and CPM15V are used as tool steels since they have high hardness and wear resistance. This study is concerned with die and mold hardfacing using laser melting deposition with M4 and CPM15V powders. For this purpose, the two types of metal powders were deposited on SKD11 base metal,..... More

Microstructure and Room Temperature Wear Properties of a Ni-Cr-B-Si-C Coating Layer Manufactured by the Laser Cladding Process
Laser Cladding 공정으로 제조된 Ni-Cr-B-Si-C 코팅층의 미세조직 및 상온 마모 특성
Tae-Hoon Kang, Kyu-Sik Kim, Soon-Hong Park, Kee-Ahn Lee
강태훈, 김규식, 박순홍, 이기안
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):423-429.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.423

A Ni-Cr-B-Si-C coating layer was manufactured on a plate of Fe base alloy using a laser cladding process, and the microstructural and mechanical properties of the laser cladded coating layer and a Ni electroplating layer (used as a reference material) were investigated. To identify the microstructural and mechanical properties, scanning..... More

Correlation of Microstructural Factors with the Yield Ratio and Uniform Elongation in API X80 Linepipe Steels
API X80 라인파이프강의 미세조직적 인자와 항복비 및 균일 연신율의 상관관계
Sang-In Lee, Seung-Wan Lee, Seok Gyu Lee, Sunghak Lee, Hwan Gyo Jung, Byoungchul Hwang
이상인, 이승완, 이석규, 이성학, 정환교, 황병철
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(6):413-422.   Published online 2018 Jun 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.6.413

In the present study, the correlation of microstructural factors with yield ratio and uniform elongation was investigated in API X80 linepipe steels with different microstructures by varying thermomechanical control process conditions. The grain size and microstructure fraction of the API X80 linepipe steels were quantitatively measured by EBSD analysis and then..... More

Evaluations of Hydrogen Permeation on Ni-SCYb Nano-Composites Membrane by Sol-Gel Methods
Min Gyeom Kim, Tae Whan Hong
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(5):406-411.   Published online 2018 May 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.5.406

Industrially meaningful hydrogen production process from mixture or syngas certainly must have a cooling process, which is typically pressure swing adsorption (PSA). However, the PSA process involves an exothermic reaction during adsorption. Recently, hydrogen separation research has been in progress in order to develop a cooling process to minimize or..... More

A Study of Silicon Crystallization Dependence upon Silicon Thickness in Aluminum-induced Crystallization Process
Doo Won Lee, Muhammad Fahad Bhopal, Soo Hong Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(5):400-405.   Published online 2018 May 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.5.400

Aluminum-induced crystallization(AIC) is one of the ways to improve characteristics of thin-film poly-crystalline (TFPC) silicon solar cell since it shows large grain size and good properties for TFPC silicon solar cell. In AIC process, aluminum is firstly deposited on foreign substrate. Then, silicon is deposited on aluminum. Annealing was done..... More

Modification of the Amount of CH<sub>4</sub> Supplied for the Efficient CH<sub>4</sub> Reduction of SnO<sub>2</sub>
Taeyang Han, Youhan Sohn, Hyunwoo Ha, Mi Yoo, Sangyeol Kim, Sang-ro Lee, Hyun You Kim, Jun Hyun Han
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(5):384-391.   Published online 2018 May 8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.5.384

The methane reduction (MR) of SnO2 has been proposed as a highly efficient method for recovering Sn from SnO2 containing industrial wastes. The MR of SnO2 also produces a mixture of H2 and CO, which can be further utilized as a syngas for the production of various fuels through the..... More

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