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Hydrogen-Affected Tensile and Fatigue Properties of Ti-6Al-4V Sheets by Superplastic Forming
Jinil Son, Junhyuk Park, Daeho Jeong, Yongnam Kwon, Masahiro Goto, Sangshik Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(9):615-623.   Published online 2017 Aug 30
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.9.615

Mill-annealed Ti-6Al-4V (Ti64) sheets were formed into rectangular shaped pans with two square recesses by the superplastic forming (SPF) technique under high pressure using commercial grade argon gas. The SPF process induced a significant decrease in the tensile ductility and high cycle fatigue (HCF) resistance of the Ti64 alloy. The..... More

Near Infrared Reflecting Properties of TiO2/Ag/TiO2 Multilayers Prepared by DC/RF Magnetron Sputtering
Sung Han Kim, Seo Han Kim, Pung Keun Song
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(8):581-586.   Published online 2017 Aug 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.8.581

The near-infrared (NIR) reflecting properties of TiO2 /Ag /TiO2 (TAT) multilayers deposited using DC/RF magnetron sputtering were investigated. For high transmittance and reflectance in the visible and NIR ranges, respectively, the thickness of each layer was theoretically optimized by the index matching method. As the Ag layer thickness increased, the..... More

Direct Laser Deposition of 14Cr Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel Powders Using Y2O3 and HfO2 Dispersoids
Barton Mensah Arkhurst, Jin-Ju Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Jeoung Han Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(8):550-558.   Published online 2017 Aug 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.8.550

This study investigated the feasibility of using HfO2 as a dispersoid in the additive manufacturing process, compared to Y2O3. The effect of pre-annealing treatment was investigated too. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses revealed unusually coarse deposition layers for both the HfO2 and Y2O3 dispersed oxide dispersion strengthed (ODS) steels, in..... More

         Cited By 1
Enhanced Resistance to Delayed Cracking in Deep-drawn Lean Duplex Stainless Steel: the Role of Residual Stress
Seok Hwan Jung, Taekyung Lee, Seok Weon Song, Young Jin Kwon, Hyung-Gu Kang, Dongchul Chae, Chong Soo Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(8):544-549.   Published online 2017 Aug 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.8.544

The delayed cracking behavior of deep-drawn lean duplex stainless steel (LDSS) was investigated, and compared with that of conventional metastable austenitic stainless steels (MASS). Hydrogen charging was performed by electrochemical method, and the hydrogen-charged specimens were subjected to the slow-strain-rate test. Fractures occurred along the phase boundaries in the LDSS,..... More

Effect of E-Beams Irradiation Dose on the Sensing Properties of Pt-Functionalized Reduced Graphene Oxides Following Annealing of the 6 nm-Thick Pt Layer
Yong Jung Kwon, Ali Mirzaei, Han Gil Na, Sung Yong Kang, Myung Sik Choi, Jae Hoon Bang, Jaegab Lee, Inpil Kang, Sang Sub Kim, Hyoun Woo Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(7):492-502.   Published online 2017 Jul 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.7.492

Pt-functionalized RGO samples were prepared and subsequently irradiated with 2-MeV electron beams (e-beams). The effect of e-beam dose on the structural, electrical, and gas sensing properties of the samples was investigated. E-beam irradiation was found to induce significant microstructural changes in the Pt-functionalized RGO. Measurements of NO2 sensing at room..... More

         Cited By 1
Microstructural Changes of 22Cr-9Mo-3Fe-4Nb Ni-Base Superalloy during Creep
Youngseok Song, Jinik Suk, Chung-Yun Kang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(7):486-491.   Published online 2017 Jul 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.7.486

A new Ni based superalloy is considered as bucket material because of high fatigue resistance with fine grain. However a bucket is usually exposed to high temperature for a long time, so creep rupture tests were conducted to understand the microstructure evolution during creep deformation under various stresses at temperatures..... More

Solvent Extraction of Tungsten(VI) from Moderate Hydrochloric Acid Solutions with LIX 63
Hoai Thanh Truong, Yong Hwan Kim, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(6):405-411.   Published online 2017 Jun 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.6.405

The solvent extraction of tungsten(VI) from hydrochloric acid solutions using 5,8-diethyl- 7-hydroxydodecan-6-one oxime (LIX 63) was analyzed in solutions having an initial pH range from 2 to 5, by varying the concentration of metal and extractant. In our experimental range, the cationic exchange reaction as well as the solvation reaction..... More

         Cited By 1
Fabrication of Porous Titania Particles from Complex Fluids by Spray Drying Process and Their Applications
Young-Sang Cho
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(4):264-273.   Published online 2017 Apr 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.4.264

In this study, a spray drying system was used to prepare macroporous titania micro-particles for applications including UV blocking materials and photocatalysts. To synthesize the macroporous particles a colloidal templating method using polymeric beads as sacrificial templates and a titania nano-colloid as precursor material was adopted. The resulting porous titania..... More

Separation and Recovery of Precious Metals from Leach Liquors of Spent Electronic Wastes by Solvent Extraction
Thi Hong Nguyen, Lingyun Wang, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(4):247-255.   Published online 2017 Apr 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.4.247

Solvent extraction was employed to recover precious metals (Au (III), Pd (II) and Pt (IV)) from the leach solution of spent electronic wastes containing Cu (II), Cr (III) and Fe (III). First, pure Fe (III) and Au (III) were recovered by simultaneous extraction with Cyanex 923 followed by selective stripping..... More

         Cited By 5
High-temperature Corrosion of AlCrTiSiN Film in Ar-1%SO2 Gas
Poonam Yadav, Sik Chol Kwon, Yue Lin, Shihong Zhang, Dong Bok Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(4):222-226.   Published online 2017 Apr 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.4.222

An AlCrTiSiN film composed of 31Al-15Cr-1.7Ti-0.5Si-51.8N (at%) was deposited on a steel substrate by arc ion plating to a thickness of 1 μm. It consisted of nano crystalline hcp-AlN and fcc-CrN. Its corrosion behavior in Ar-1%SO2 gas at 800 ℃ for 5-50 h was studied. The resulting scales consisted primarily..... More

Enhancement of the Opto-Electrical Properties of Ag Intermediate ZTO Films by Vacuum Annealing
Hyun-Joo Moon, Daeil Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(3):209-212.   Published online 2017 Mar 3
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.3.209

Sn-doped ZnO (ZTO)/Ag/ZTO tri-layer films were deposited on glass substrates by radio frequency (RF) and direct current (DC) magnetron sputtering and then vacuum annealed at 100, 200 and 300 ℃ for 30 min with a proportions of H2/N2 gas flow of 6/6 sccm, to investigate the effects of annealing temperature..... More

Simulation and Experimental Study on the Steady Conduction Solution for Continuous Rheo-Casting for A356 Alloy
Do Minh Duc, Nguyen Hong Hai, Pham Quang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(3):202-208.   Published online 2017 Mar 3
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.3.202

Computational fluid dynamic modeling of a continuous rheo-casting technology was conducted, consistent with the manufacturing of 3 mm-thin plates made of aluminum alloy A356. The A numerical simulation on of the stabilizing time of the material crystallization was carried out using the ANSYS FLUENT code. Solidification and melting models were..... More

The Effect of Al and V on Microstructure and Transformation of β Phase during Solution Treatments of Cast Ti-6Al-4V Alloy
Seong-Tak Oh, Kee-Do Woo, Jae-Hwang Kim, Seung-Mi Kwak
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(3):150-155.   Published online 2017 Mar 3
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.3.150

In this study, the effect of α and β those stabilizers on the microstructure and phase transformation of cast Ti-6wt%Al-4wt%V alloy at various solution treatment temperatures was investigated. The dependence of the transformation behavior of the β phase during the solution treatment and its dependence was determined by the partitioning..... More

Effect of Added Gas-Atomized Al-Si/SiCp Composite Powder on the Sinterability and Mechanical Properties of Alumix 431 fabricated by Hot-Pressing Process
Eunsun Lee, Jeong-Jung Oak, Yongjin Kim, Yongho Park
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(2):98-109.   Published online 2017 Feb 2
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.2.98

The aim of this study is to establish an optimized hot-press sintering condition for aluminum matrix composites (AMCs) by analyzing their sintered microstructure and mechanical properties. The fabricated AMCs in this study consisted of a blend of commercial Ecka Alumix 431 powder, and Al-Si/SiCp powder manufactured by gas atomizer (Al-Si/SiCp)...... More

Material Analysis & Characterization
Structural Analysis of Three-Component Nanoparticles of Sn-58Bi and Cu Wires Prepared by Pulsed Wire Discharge
Jong Hwan Kim, Dae Sung Kim, Hisayuki Suematsu, Kenta Tanaka, Bong Ki Ryu
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(1):72-76.   Published online 2017 Jan 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.1.72

We used Sn-58Bi and Cu wires to investigate the effects of variable conditions (such as pressure and wire diameter) on the formation of three-component nanoparticles. In the synthesis of the three-component nanoparticles, pulsed wire discharge was used to sublimate the wires. In this system, the K factor is described as..... More

         Cited By 1
Effects of Doping Concentration on the Structural and Optical Properties of Spin-Coated In-doped ZnO Thin Films Grown on Thermally Oxidized ZnO Film/ZnO Buffer Layer/Mica Substrate
Byunggu Kim, Jae-Young Leem
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(1):67-71.   Published online 2017 Jan 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.1.67

ZnO buffer layers were deposited on mica substrates using a sol-gel spin coating method. Then, a thin film of metallic Zn was deposited onto the ZnO buffer layer/mica substrate using a thermal evaporator, and the deposited Zn thin films were then thermally oxidized in a furnace at 500 ℃ for..... More

         Cited By 1
Hydrogen Sorption of Pure Mg and Niobium (V) Fluoride-Added Mg Alloys Prepared by Planetary Ball Milling in Hydrogen
Hye Ryoung Park, Young Jun Kwak, Seong Ho Lee, Myoung Youp Song
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(12):916-924.   Published online 2016 Dec 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.12.916

In this work, niobium (V) fluoride was selected as an additive to heighten the hydrogen sorption rates of Mg. Specimens of pure Mg, 5 wt% niobium fluoride-added Mg, and 10 wt% niobium fluoride-added Mg were prepared by planetary ball milling in hydrogen. The hydrogen sorption properties of the specimens were..... More

         Cited By 4
Effects of Friction and Anvil Design on Plastic Deformation during the Compression Stage of High-Pressure Torsion
Yuepeng Song, Miaomiao Chen, Baoyan Xu, Dongsheng Gao, Jing Guo, Lingfeng Xu, Zheng Wang, Hyoung Seop Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(11):831-837.   Published online 2016 Nov 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.11.831

Herein, we report the results of our investigation on the effect of friction and anvil design on the heterogeneous plastic-deformation characteristics of copper during the compressive stage of high-pressure torsion (HPT), using the finite element method. The results indicate that the friction and anvil geometry play important roles in the..... More

         Cited By 2
Effects of Induction Heat Bending and Heat Treatment on the Boric Acid Corrosion of Low Alloy Steel Pipe for Nuclear Power Plants
Ki-Tae Kim, Min-Chul Shin, Hyun-Young Chang, Heung-Bae Park, Gi-Ho Sung, Young-Sik Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(11):817-825.   Published online 2016 Nov 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.11.817
In many plants, including nuclear power plants, pipelines are composed of numerous fittings such as elbows. When plants use these fittings, welding points need to be increased, and the number of inspections also then increases. As an alternative to welding, the pipe bending process forms bent pipe by applying strain... More
Catalytic Activity and Surface Characteristics of WO3-doped MnOx-TiO2 Catalysts for Low-temperature Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx with NH3
Byeongkil Shin, Heesoo Lee, Hyun Park
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(10):787-792.   Published online 2016 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.10.787
The effect of added WO3 on the catalytic activity and surface characteristics of the MnOx-TiO2 system was investigated for the low-temperature selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3. Based on physio-chemical characterizations, the specific surface areas of the WO3-MnOx-TiO2 catalysts increased from 76.12 m2/g to 90.29 m2/g as the WO3... More
Fabrication of Si/SiOx Anode Materials by a Solution Reaction-Based Method for Lithium Ion Batteries
Hyeon-Woo Yang, Jung-Ho Lee, Sang-Chul Jung, Seung-Taek Myung, Woo-Seung Kang, Sun-Jae Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(10):780-786.   Published online 2016 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.10.780

Si/SiOx composite anodes were prepared using a facile solution reaction-based method. Their initial capacity was significantly improved to 1.3 times that of SiOx by incorporating 3 wt% silicon nanoparticles into the SiOx. The capacity retention of the Si/SiOx anodes after 50 charge-discharge cycles was significantly enhanced, to 99%, compared with..... More

         Cited By 2
Effect of Post-Deposition Annealing on the Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of Ti-doped Indium Oxide Thin Films
Sung-Bo Heo, Hyun-Joo Moon, Jeong-Hyeon Oh, Young-Hwan Song, Tae-Young Eom, Jun-Ho Kim, Daeil Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(10):775-779.   Published online 2016 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.10.775

Ti-doped In2O3 (TIO) thin films were deposited on glass substrates by RF magnetron sputtering. The films were then annealed at 100, 200 or 300 °C for 30 min to investigate the effects of the annealing temperature on the films’ structural, electrical and optical properties. The films annealed at 200 °C..... More

Effect of HCl Concentration on the Oxidation of LIX 63 and the Subsequent Separation of Pd(II), Pt(IV), Ir(IV) and Rh(III) by Solvent Extraction
Thi Hong Nguyen, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(10):768-774.   Published online 2016 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.10.768

During the selective extraction of Pd(II) by LIX 63 from 6 M HCl solutions containing platinum group metals, an oxidation-reduction reaction occurs between the LIX 63 and Ir(IV). Since the reduced Ir(III) cannot be extracted by solvating and amine extractants, the oxidation-reduction reaction has a significant effect on the separation..... More

         Cited By 6
Experimental and Simulation Analysis of Hot Isostatic Pressing of Gas Atomized Stainless Steel 316L Powder Compacts
Dongguo Lin, Sangyul Ha, Youngho Shin, Dong Yong Park, Seong Jin Park, Sung Taek Chung, Ravi Bollina, Seongkyu See
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(10):732-742.   Published online 2016 Oct 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.10.732

In this work, both experimental and numerical studies were conducted to investigate the densification behavior of stainless steel 316L (STS 316L) powders during hot isostatic pressing (HIP), and to characterize the mechanical properties of HIPed specimens. The HIP experiments were conducted with gas atomized STS 316L powders with spherical particle..... More

         Cited By 2
Corrosion & Surface Treatment
High Temperature Oxidation Behavior of Mg-5% Ca-1% Zn Alloys
Kwon Yong Ji, Dong Bok Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(9):645-651.   Published online 2016 Sep 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.9.645

Pure Mg, Mg-5wt%Ca, and Mg-5wt%Ca-1wt%Zn alloys were cast, and their high-temperature oxidation behavior was investigated to determine the roles of Ca and Zn in oxidation. Ca and Zn additions refined the microstructure by formation of Mg2Ca and Ca2Mg6Zn3, respectively, at grain boundaries. Ca increased the oxidation resistance by forming a..... More

         Cited By 2
Material Analysis & Characterization
Study of Water Resistance of Fe2O3 Doped P2O5–ZnO–Bi2O3 Sealing Glass System
Moon Kyung Hwang, Il Gu Kim, Bong Ki Ryu
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2016;54(8):621-625.   Published online 2016 Aug 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2016.54.8.621

In order to strengthen the structure of the glass and ultimately improve its water resistance, P2O5–ZnO–Bi2O3 was doped with Fe2O3, which generated Fe ions in the phosphate-based glass. These ions constitute (P2O7)−4 groups within the glass network. Structural analysis using Fourier transfer infrared spectroscopy indicated that P-O-P and Bi-O-P bonds..... More

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