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Comparison of the Hydrogen Release Properties of Zn(BH4)2-Added MgH2 Alloy and Zn(BH4)2 and Ni-Added MgH2 Alloy
Myoung Youp Song, Young Jun Kwak
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(3):244-251.   Published online 2018 Mar 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.3.244

Abstract
Samples with compositions of 99 w/o MgH2+1 w/o Zn(BH4)2 (designated MgH2-1Zn(BH4)2) and 96 w/o MgH2+2 w/o Zn(BH4)2+2 w/o Ni (designated MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2-2Ni) were prepared by milling in a planetary ball mill in a hydrogen atmosphere (reaction-involving milling). The hydrogen release properties of MgH2- 1Zn(BH4)2 and MgH2-2Zn(BH4)2-2Ni were compared. A larger quantity..... More

      
Bridge Burst Characteristics of Aluminum and Copper Thin-Film Bridges in Electrical Initiation Devices
Kyoungjin Kim, Kyu-Hyoung Kim, Seung-gyo Jang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(3):235-243.   Published online 2018 Mar 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.3.235

Abstract
The optimal design of electrical initiation devices for explosive charges and other high energy materials critically depends on the bridge burst or the electrical explosion of the thin-film metallic bridges. It is therefore quite important to select the right material with suitable explosion properties for the metallic bridge film. However,..... More

      
Efficacy of Acid Cleaning on the Deoxidation of Titanium Powder Using Calcium
Chon-Il Hong, Jae-Won Lim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(3):205-209.   Published online 2018 Mar 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.3.205

Abstract
The optimum acid cleaning conditions for removing CaO formed by the reaction of Ca with Ti powder were investigated in this study. In this experiment, we used Ti powders composed of irregular polygonal Ti particles with average sizes of 125 mm and 250 μm. Ca granules were charged at 50%..... More

      
Hydrogen Absorption and Release Properties of MgH2, Mg2Ni, and Ni-Added Mg via Reactive Mechanical Grinding
Seong-Hyeon Hong, Myoung Youp Song
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(2):155-162.   Published online 2018 Feb 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.2.155

Abstract
In this work, MgH2, Mg2Ni, and Ni were added to Mg in order to improve the hydrogen-storage properties of Mg. A 84 wt% Mg + 10 wt% MgH2 + 5 wt% Mg2Ni + 1 wt% Ni sample (designated the Mg-based sample) was prepared by milling under a hydrogen atmosphere in..... More

      
Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of P-type Bi2-xSbxTe3 Prepared by Mechanical Alloying and Hot Pressing
Kyung-Wook Jang, Hyeok-Jin Kim, Woo-Jin Jung, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(1):66-71.   Published online 2018 Jan 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.1.66

Abstract
Bi2-xSbxTe3 (x = 1.4–1.7) solid solutions were synthesized by mechanical alloying (MA) and consolidated by hot pressing (HP), and their charge transport and thermoelectric properties were examined. The relative densities of the hot-pressed specimens were higher than 96% on average. As the Sb content was increased, the lattice constants decreased,..... More

      
Enhancement of the Hydrogen-Storage Characteristics of Mg by Adding Mg2Ni and Ni to MgH2 via High Energy Ball Milling in Hydrogen Atmosphere
Seong-Hyeon Hong, Young Jun Kwak, Myoung Youp Song
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(1):59-65.   Published online 2018 Jan 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.1.59

Abstract
In this work, Mg2Ni and Ni were added to MgH2 in order to improve the hydrogen-storage properties of Mg. A 94 wt% MgH2+5 wt% Mg2Ni+1wt% Ni (named 94MgH2+5Mg2Ni+1Ni) sample was prepared by milling in a hydrogen atmosphere in a planetary ball mill for 5 h. The Mg2Ni was hydrided during..... More

         Cited By 6
Recovery of Fine Aluminum Hydroxide with High Whiteness Index from Low Quality Bauxite Using Caustic Roasting and Water Leaching
Su Jin Kim, Jeong Il Lee, Kyu Sung Han, So Yeong Byun, Tam Tran, Myong Jun Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(1):49-58.   Published online 2018 Jan 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.1.49

Abstract
A bauxite of low quality containing 6.75% reactive silica and 37.4% Al2O3 as gibbsite was roasted with additives including NaOH (caustic/total alumina molar ratio of 2-4:1) and CaO (CaO/total SiO2 molar ratio of 0.5-3:1) at 300-1000 oC, producing calcines containing sodium aluminate (Na2O.Al2O3), silicates and hematite. Optimum conditions included roasting..... More

         Cited By 1
Study on the Water Durability of Molybdate Glasses with B2O3 as Low Temperature Sealing Materials
Jae-Young Shin, Jae-Min Cha, Dae-Sung Kim, Dea-Geol Jeong, Jun-Hyeon Bae, Bong-Ki Ryu
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(12):905-910.   Published online 2017 Dec 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.12.905

Abstract
The boron alkali molybdate glass system was investigated as lead-free low-temperature melting sealing materials, with different boron oxide contents between 0 and 8 mol%. The glasses were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), infrared spectroscopy (IR), and by densities. Their chemical properties were measured by their dissolution..... More

      
AISI 304 Steel Brazing Using A Flexible Brazing Foil Fabricated by Tape Casting Method
Ashutosh Sharma, Soon-Jae Lee, Joo-Hee Oh, Jae Pil Jung
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(12):836-844.   Published online 2017 Dec 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.12.836

Abstract
The authors report the fabrication of a flexible nickel brazing foil using powdered nickel alloy filler (BNi-2) mixed with an organic binder. The organic binder was composed of a polyacrylic acid polymer, glycol, carbon tetrachloride, and water as a dispersion medium for the powder. The brazing paste so formed was..... More

      
Role of Voltage and Gas Pressure in Determining the Mean Diameter of Sn-Bi-Ag Intermetallic Compound Nanoparticles Formed by Pulsed Wire Discharge
Dae Geol Jeong, Jae Min Cha, Dae Sung Kim, Ju Hyeong Kim, Hwa Jin Jeong, Jae Young Shin, Jun Hyeon Bae, Bong Ki Ryu, Hisayuki Suematsu, Kenta Tanaka
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(11):806-812.   Published online 2017 Oct 31
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.11.806

Abstract
Nanoscale Sn-Bi-Ag compound powders were successfully synthesized using the pulsed wire discharge (PWD) method. In PWD, when a high current is passed through high-density metal wires, the wires explode because of resistance heating, forming fine particles or metal vapor. In this study, we used Sn-Bi and Ag wires in order..... More

      
Pulsed Electrodeposition of Thin Cobalt Coating Layer on Ferritic Stainless Steel for SOFC Interconnects
Suk-Chul Kwak, Byung Kyu Kim, Dong-Ik Kim, Young Whan Cho
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(11):768-776.   Published online 2017 Oct 31
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.11.768

Abstract
A thin, compact, and uniform cobalt layer was coated on ferritic stainless steel (Crofer 22 APU) by high frequency square pulsed electrodeposition in an aqueous solution containing cobalt chloride and boric acid. The effects of various electrodeposition parameters and post heat treatment on the morphology, thickness, roughness and adhesion of..... More

      
Material Characterization of Single Crystalline Cu Subjected to High Strain Rates and High Temperatures for Multiscale Simulation
Yujin Seong, Youngkyu Kim, Im Doo Jung, Sungho Kim, See Jo Kim, Seong-Gon Kim, Hak Jun Kim, Seong Jin Park
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(11):760-767.   Published online 2017 Oct 31
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.11.760

Abstract
The material characterization of single crystalline Cu columns was numerically carried out at the submicroscopic level. A molecular dynamics (MD) simulation was employed using the embedded-atom method (EAM) interatomic potential between a pair of Cu atoms to describe the interactions among Cu atoms. First, the relationship between mechanical properties and..... More

         Cited By 1
Separation of Rhenium (VII) and Vanadium (V) from Hydrochloric Acid Solutions by Solvent Extraction
Thi Hong Nguyen, Hoai Thanh Truong, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(10):724-731.   Published online 2017 Sep 28
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.10.724

Abstract
The separation of Re(VII) and V(V) by solvent extraction with TBP was investigated by varying the HCl, metal and chloride ion concentrations. Re(VII) was selectively extracted over V(V) from the HCl solution. The highest separation between Re(VII) and V(V) occurred at a concentration of 2.0 M HCl. The extraction reaction..... More

      
Inhomogeneous Deformation of Interstitial Free Steel during the High Pressure Torsion Process
Yuepeng Song, Miaomiao Chen, Wenke Wang, Baoyan Xu, Dongsheng Gao, Shuai Zhang, Hyoung Seop Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(10):710-715.   Published online 2017 Sep 28
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.10.710

Abstract
Interstitial free (IF) steel disks were subjected to various degrees of revolution during application of the high-pressure torsion (HPT) process, and the resulting distributions of hardness and microstructure during the early torsion stage of high-pressure torsion (HPT) were investigated using experimental and simulation approaches. The results indicated that the deformation..... More

      
Increase in the Hydrogen-Sorption Rates and the Hydrogen-Storage Capacity of MgH2 by Adding a Small Proportion of Zn(BH4)2
Hye Ryoung Park, Young Jun Kwak, Myoung Youp Song
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(9):657-663.   Published online 2017 Aug 30
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.9.657

Abstract
Abstract: In this work, Zn(BH4)2 was added to improve the hydrogen-storage properties of MgH2. A 99 wt% MgH2+1 wt% Zn(BH4)2 sample was prepared by milling in a planetary ball mill in a hydrogen atmosphere. The proportion of the added Zn(BH4)2 was small (1 wt%) in order to increase hydriding and..... More

         Cited By 1
Review of Conductive Copper Paste for c-Si Solar Cells
Sang Hee Lee, Doo Won Lee, Soo Hong Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(9):637-644.   Published online 2017 Aug 30
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.9.637

Abstract
In the photovoltaic industries, the main technique of metallization is screen printing with silver pastes, due to its simple and quick process. However, the high price of silver paste is one of the barriers to the producing of low cost solar cells. Consequently, a primary target in photovoltaic research is..... More

      
Wetting Behavior of Liquids on Micro-Patterned Polymer Surfaces Fabricated by Thermal Imprinting
Kwang-Jin Bae, Wenhui Yao, Yiliang He, Young-Rae Cho
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(9):624-631.   Published online 2017 Aug 30
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.9.624

Abstract
The wetting behavior of liquids on solid surfaces is important in the study of surfaces and interfaces. In this study, the wetting behavior of deionized (DI) water and hexadecane on fluorinated and micro-patterned polymer surfaces was investigated. The sample surfaces were processed by spray coating and thermal imprinting, respectively. The..... More

      
Hydrogen-Affected Tensile and Fatigue Properties of Ti-6Al-4V Sheets by Superplastic Forming
Jinil Son, Junhyuk Park, Daeho Jeong, Yongnam Kwon, Masahiro Goto, Sangshik Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(9):615-623.   Published online 2017 Aug 30
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.9.615

Abstract
Mill-annealed Ti-6Al-4V (Ti64) sheets were formed into rectangular shaped pans with two square recesses by the superplastic forming (SPF) technique under high pressure using commercial grade argon gas. The SPF process induced a significant decrease in the tensile ductility and high cycle fatigue (HCF) resistance of the Ti64 alloy. The..... More

      
Near Infrared Reflecting Properties of TiO2/Ag/TiO2 Multilayers Prepared by DC/RF Magnetron Sputtering
Sung Han Kim, Seo Han Kim, Pung Keun Song
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(8):581-586.   Published online 2017 Aug 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.8.581

Abstract
The near-infrared (NIR) reflecting properties of TiO2 /Ag /TiO2 (TAT) multilayers deposited using DC/RF magnetron sputtering were investigated. For high transmittance and reflectance in the visible and NIR ranges, respectively, the thickness of each layer was theoretically optimized by the index matching method. As the Ag layer thickness increased, the..... More

      
Direct Laser Deposition of 14Cr Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel Powders Using Y2O3 and HfO2 Dispersoids
Barton Mensah Arkhurst, Jin-Ju Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Jeoung Han Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(8):550-558.   Published online 2017 Aug 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.8.550

Abstract
This study investigated the feasibility of using HfO2 as a dispersoid in the additive manufacturing process, compared to Y2O3. The effect of pre-annealing treatment was investigated too. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses revealed unusually coarse deposition layers for both the HfO2 and Y2O3 dispersed oxide dispersion strengthed (ODS) steels, in..... More

         Cited By 1
Enhanced Resistance to Delayed Cracking in Deep-drawn Lean Duplex Stainless Steel: the Role of Residual Stress
Seok Hwan Jung, Taekyung Lee, Seok Weon Song, Young Jin Kwon, Hyung-Gu Kang, Dongchul Chae, Chong Soo Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(8):544-549.   Published online 2017 Aug 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.8.544

Abstract
The delayed cracking behavior of deep-drawn lean duplex stainless steel (LDSS) was investigated, and compared with that of conventional metastable austenitic stainless steels (MASS). Hydrogen charging was performed by electrochemical method, and the hydrogen-charged specimens were subjected to the slow-strain-rate test. Fractures occurred along the phase boundaries in the LDSS,..... More

      
Effect of E-Beams Irradiation Dose on the Sensing Properties of Pt-Functionalized Reduced Graphene Oxides Following Annealing of the 6 nm-Thick Pt Layer
Yong Jung Kwon, Ali Mirzaei, Han Gil Na, Sung Yong Kang, Myung Sik Choi, Jae Hoon Bang, Jaegab Lee, Inpil Kang, Sang Sub Kim, Hyoun Woo Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(7):492-502.   Published online 2017 Jul 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.7.492

Abstract
Pt-functionalized RGO samples were prepared and subsequently irradiated with 2-MeV electron beams (e-beams). The effect of e-beam dose on the structural, electrical, and gas sensing properties of the samples was investigated. E-beam irradiation was found to induce significant microstructural changes in the Pt-functionalized RGO. Measurements of NO2 sensing at room..... More

         Cited By 1
Microstructural Changes of 22Cr-9Mo-3Fe-4Nb Ni-Base Superalloy during Creep
Youngseok Song, Jinik Suk, Chung-Yun Kang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(7):486-491.   Published online 2017 Jul 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.7.486

Abstract
A new Ni based superalloy is considered as bucket material because of high fatigue resistance with fine grain. However a bucket is usually exposed to high temperature for a long time, so creep rupture tests were conducted to understand the microstructure evolution during creep deformation under various stresses at temperatures..... More

         Cited By 1
Solvent Extraction of Tungsten(VI) from Moderate Hydrochloric Acid Solutions with LIX 63
Hoai Thanh Truong, Yong Hwan Kim, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(6):405-411.   Published online 2017 Jun 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.6.405

Abstract
The solvent extraction of tungsten(VI) from hydrochloric acid solutions using 5,8-diethyl- 7-hydroxydodecan-6-one oxime (LIX 63) was analyzed in solutions having an initial pH range from 2 to 5, by varying the concentration of metal and extractant. In our experimental range, the cationic exchange reaction as well as the solvation reaction..... More

         Cited By 2
Fabrication of Porous Titania Particles from Complex Fluids by Spray Drying Process and Their Applications
Young-Sang Cho
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(4):264-273.   Published online 2017 Apr 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.4.264

Abstract
In this study, a spray drying system was used to prepare macroporous titania micro-particles for applications including UV blocking materials and photocatalysts. To synthesize the macroporous particles a colloidal templating method using polymeric beads as sacrificial templates and a titania nano-colloid as precursor material was adopted. The resulting porous titania..... More

         Cited By 1
Separation and Recovery of Precious Metals from Leach Liquors of Spent Electronic Wastes by Solvent Extraction
Thi Hong Nguyen, Lingyun Wang, Man Seung Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(4):247-255.   Published online 2017 Apr 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.4.247

Abstract
Solvent extraction was employed to recover precious metals (Au (III), Pd (II) and Pt (IV)) from the leach solution of spent electronic wastes containing Cu (II), Cr (III) and Fe (III). First, pure Fe (III) and Au (III) were recovered by simultaneous extraction with Cyanex 923 followed by selective stripping..... More

         Cited By 8
High-temperature Corrosion of AlCrTiSiN Film in Ar-1%SO2 Gas
Poonam Yadav, Sik Chol Kwon, Yue Lin, Shihong Zhang, Dong Bok Lee
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(4):222-226.   Published online 2017 Apr 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.4.222

Abstract
An AlCrTiSiN film composed of 31Al-15Cr-1.7Ti-0.5Si-51.8N (at%) was deposited on a steel substrate by arc ion plating to a thickness of 1 μm. It consisted of nano crystalline hcp-AlN and fcc-CrN. Its corrosion behavior in Ar-1%SO2 gas at 800 ℃ for 5-50 h was studied. The resulting scales consisted primarily..... More

      
Enhancement of the Opto-Electrical Properties of Ag Intermediate ZTO Films by Vacuum Annealing
Hyun-Joo Moon, Daeil Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(3):209-212.   Published online 2017 Mar 3
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.3.209

Abstract
Sn-doped ZnO (ZTO)/Ag/ZTO tri-layer films were deposited on glass substrates by radio frequency (RF) and direct current (DC) magnetron sputtering and then vacuum annealed at 100, 200 and 300 ℃ for 30 min with a proportions of H2/N2 gas flow of 6/6 sccm, to investigate the effects of annealing temperature..... More

      
Simulation and Experimental Study on the Steady Conduction Solution for Continuous Rheo-Casting for A356 Alloy
Do Minh Duc, Nguyen Hong Hai, Pham Quang
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(3):202-208.   Published online 2017 Mar 3
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.3.202

Abstract
Computational fluid dynamic modeling of a continuous rheo-casting technology was conducted, consistent with the manufacturing of 3 mm-thin plates made of aluminum alloy A356. The A numerical simulation on of the stabilizing time of the material crystallization was carried out using the ANSYS FLUENT code. Solidification and melting models were..... More

      
The Effect of Al and V on Microstructure and Transformation of β Phase during Solution Treatments of Cast Ti-6Al-4V Alloy
Seong-Tak Oh, Kee-Do Woo, Jae-Hwang Kim, Seung-Mi Kwak
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(3):150-155.   Published online 2017 Mar 3
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.3.150

Abstract
In this study, the effect of α and β those stabilizers on the microstructure and phase transformation of cast Ti-6wt%Al-4wt%V alloy at various solution treatment temperatures was investigated. The dependence of the transformation behavior of the β phase during the solution treatment and its dependence was determined by the partitioning..... More

      
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